Spis treści






Spis treści


Arkadiusz Jabłoński: Znaczenie retoryki dla współczesnej teorii społecznej


Jan Szymczyk: Fenomen więzi społecznej w ujęciu Stanisława Ossowskiego


Piotr Francuz: Rozumienie pojęcia wiedzy na gruncie psychologii poznawczej [html]


Ks. Waldemar Szczerbiński: Współczesny fundamentalizm muzułmański wyzwaniem dla cywilizacji zachodniej

Miłosz Aleksandrowicz: Akordyka Mszy organowych (Pièces d'orgue) François Couperina w świetle XVII-wiecznych systemów strojenia instrumentów klawiszowych



Sprawozdania i Recenzje


Dariusz Skórczewski: Honorowy doktorat KUL dla profesora Janusza Sławińskiego

Agnieszka Jarosz: VI edycja konkursu o nagrodę im. Czesława Zgorzelskiego

Anna Podstawka: W świecie teatru Michała Bałuckiego, rec.: Anna Sobiecka, Michał Bałucki i teatr. Wybrane problemy i aspekty, Wydawnictwo Pomorskiej Akademii Pedagogicznej, Słupsk 2006; Bałucki na scenie 1867-1901, Wydawnictwo Pomorskiej Akademii Pedagogicznej, Słupsk 2007

Lech Giemza
, rec.: Katarzyna Solecka, Katedra na pustkowiu. Kategoria praeparatio evangelica w świetle twórczości Zbigniewa Herberta, Księgarnia św. Jacka, Katowice 2007

Imelda Chłodna
, rec.: Piotr Jaroszyński, Science in Culture, Rodopi B.V., Amsterdam-New York 2007

Maria Joanna Gondek, rec.: Mieczysław A. Krąpiec, Człowiek i polityka, Polskie Towarzystwo Tomasza z Akwinu,
Lublin 2007










The Significance of Rhetorics for Contemporary Social Theory

The goal of this article is to show the possibilities of using rhetorics, understood as the theory of argumentative persuasion, to designate meta-theoretical assumptions of social theory. Rhetorics in a natural way links characteristics of the concept of social theory, striving to shape the reflective subjects of social life, with an attempt to maintain the status of objective and scientific reflection. It points to the social reality, existing outside linguistic descriptions, in the form of an auditorium, whose taking into account comprises basic assumptions of the theory of argumentation. Social theory obtains, thanks to rhetorics, an awareness of its own power of argumentation and methods of persuasion used. It allows it to fulfill not only the function of interpretation, but in a practical way shape the sociological imagination. After the announced by post-modernists fall of the universal sociological theory of those empowered with the contemporary social and political order, rhetorics can be treated as the logic of new social theory.


The Phenomenon of Social Ties in the Understanding of Stanisław Ossowski

Ossowski grasped the issue of social ties in strict relation with the social group as its constituting factor. A given community is a social group, since set social ties exist in it. He exposed in the theory of social ties the psych-social element (individual awareness of social connections), but also approved of its structural sense (the whole of connections, social relationships). In his characteristic social tie, the following categories are also essential: identification (accenting the role of elements of consciousness, psychic) and intentional cooperation (underlining the meaning of behavior, attitudes). Treating them in a complementary way by the Polish sociologist helps lead to the multiple meaning term "social tie." He also postulated that a social tie obtains the status of a moral tie, meaning its particular obligatory relation implying trust, loyalty and solidarity in the individual in relation with people belonging to their community.



Understanding the Concept of "Knowledge" on the Basis of Cognitive Psychology

Understanding the concept of "knowledge" belongs to the fundamental issues in contemporary cognitive and cognitivistic psychology. What does "knowledge" actually mean? What, from the point of view of functional architecture of the mind does the state of knowledge differ from the state of ignorance? Is knowledge a form of intellectually representing the world, or rather its construction? What is the basis of the difference between procedural knowledge, declarative (semantic, episodic and autobiographic) and meta-knowledge? Can one know only consciously and what role in getting to know reality does hidden knowledge (tacit knowledge) or implicite play? Does knowledge presume understanding? How does naïve knowledge differ from expert knowledge? Does knowledge thrive in concepts, cognitive schematics, intellectual models, imaginings or maybe in language? And finally, how much of knowledge (even in academic) is faith, conviction and wishful thinking, and how much is hard facts and certitudes?
This is only a handful of questions, which somewhat immediately come to mind when we attempt to understand what the status of knowledge is in the structure of the human mind. But this is only the tip of the iceberg. So it is enough to undertake and attempt to respond to any one of these questions to stir the avalanche of new, continually unresolved problems. In this context, I would like to make the subject of the following sketch a reflection over the condition of psychological knowledge on the topic of knowledge, as the state of the human mind.


Contemporary Muslim Fundamentalism as a Challenge for Western Civilization

Muslim fundamentalism is presently a phenomenon exceptionally lively and analyzed in its various aspects. In the following article, the complexity and polarity of this form of Islam was shown in respect to Western Civilization with its dominant Christian religion. With this background, the Catholic Church is perceived as the essential element of Western culture, which comprises a threat to Islam as such, and with which it ought to battle in order to maintain its identity. Reflection on this issue reveals that enmity of the Arab world towards Western reality results from a fear for one's own culture, which naturally was and continually is religious. This does not foster dialogue and comprises a challenge, for Europe and America, as well as the Church. The question continually remains open: how to remedy this situation?



The Accord of the Organ Masses (Pièces d'orgue) by François Couperin
in the Light of XVII Century Systems of Tuning Keyboard Instruments

Composed in the year 1690, two Organ Masses (Pièces d'orgue) by François Couperin (1668-
-1733) already expected several scientific reports, however none concern the issue of tuning the instrument on which this collection could arise and on which it could be performed. The essential goal of the following article is an attempt to show such a XVII century system of tuning organs, which would be adequate to the stylistic performance of the mentioned works. The point of departure of the undertaken studies was an analysis of accord in the Mass by using the statistical method, thanks to which it was determined that Couperin did not use in the mentioned works full acoustic material possible in the contemporary musical system, but only part of it. Determining this fact inclined searching for such a system of tuning, which would contain within itself the greatest set of natural sounding intervals applied for quantitative results of accord in Pièces d'orgue.
The assumption was accepted that in compositions there had to be as many as possible such concords, whose majority was the natural greatness or to the maximum degree of approximation. Consequently, in order to determine how the instrument was tuned on which the works of Couperin arose, among the XVII century systems of tuning were chosen arrangements of such types of concords, which are quantitatively the greatest in the studied collection. The assumption was accepted that harmony, which is in both masses quantitatively the greatest, had to sound clear under the systematic aspect (meaning it had to be composed of natural intervals or very close to them). To obtain the end results, it was helpful to also take into account the chromatic signs and logical tonal assumptions of harmonic effects. Placing the obtained results in the historical context allowed claiming that during the stylistic performance of the studied Masses, two XVII century systems of tuning keyboard instruments ought to be considered: Werckmeister IV and Chaumont. In these systems there appear all signs of chromatics appropriate to accord in Couperin's Pièces d'orgue. More pertinent to the style of performing the studied works seems to be however the second, because it provides more harmonies approximated in quantity to the natural.

Autor: Robert Kryński
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 26.09.2008, godz. 09:40 - Robert Kryński