Spis treści



Spis treści




Ojciec Profesor Mieczysław Albert Krąpiec – mistrz i autorytet (Paweł Gondek)


Filozofia – ostateczne rozumienie świata (z Mieczysławem A. Krąpcem OP rozmawia ks. Jan Sochoń)


Gabriela Besler: „Świat to skroplona myśl Boga”. Mieczysława A. Krąpca koncepcja racjonalności

Bp Ignacy Dec: Mieczysława A. Krąpca koncepcja antropologii filozoficznej. Zarys problematyki

Piotr Jaroszyński: O realistyczną filozofię kultury

Henryk Kiereś: Kultura Zachodu a problem piękna (Mieczysława A. Krąpca koncepcja metafizyki piękna)

Andrzej Maryniarczyk SDB: Koncepcja współczesnej filozofii realistycznej – metafizyki. Od Arystotelesa i św. Tomasza z Akwinu do Mieczysława A. Krąpca

Zofia J. Zdybicka USJK: Ojciec Profesor Mieczysław A. Krąpiec – filozof i człowiek







Wojciech Daszkiewicz, rec.: Mieczysław A. Krąpiec OP, Człowiek i kultura, Lublin: Polskie Towarzystwo św. Tomasza
z Akwinu, 2008

Paweł Gondek, rec.: Mieczysław A. Krąpiec OP, O filozofii, Lublin: Polskie Towarzystwo św. Tomasza z Akwinu, 2008

Ks. Tomasz Duma: Źródła metafizyki egzystencjalnej, rec.: Paweł Milcarek, Od istoty do istnienia. Tworzenie się metafizyki egzystencjalnej wewnątrz łacińskiej tradycji filozofii chrześcijańskiej, Warszawa: Fundacja Świętego Benedykta, 2008

Marian Wnuk, Józef Zon: Światło jako cień Boga, rec.: Janusz Sławiński, Cień Boga – światło. Elektromagnetyzm a niektóre problemy ontologiczne i eschatologiczne, Poznań: UAM. Wydział Teologiczny. Redakcja Wydawnictw, 2007






“The world is a drop of God’s (liquid) thought.” Mieczysław Albert Krąpiec’s conception of rationality


The problem of rationality is one of the most discussed philosophical topics. There are numerous papers about the criteria and signs of rationality in science, culture, and nature. However, the following question is not frequently answered: why is human knowledge, science and culture rational? Mieczysław Albert Krąpiec was a philosopher who gave a satisfactory reply. According to him, rationality is an objective property of reality, not the human ability to apprehend reality. Krąpiec assumed the existence of science and culture as the starting points of his conception of rationality and treated the world as “a drop of (liquefied) God’s thought”. I would add that “rationality” and “intelligibility” are not synonyms. Although this subject is not discussed in Krąpiec’s, paper I would like to refer to Saint Thomas Aquinas’ papers, where intelligibility is named as property of God or Angles and rationality as a property of created reality (except for angels). At the end of my article, I want point out other conceptions of rationality, assumed by the German philosopher, Herbert Schnädelbach. He denied that rationality is an objective property of reality and maintained that it is the way in which a human intellect must apprehend the world outside the intellect.

Key words: M.A. Krąpiec, metaphysics, rationality, intelligibility, properties of being



Mieczysław A. Krąpiec’s concept of philosophical anthropology. Outline of the issue


The anthropological model worked out by M.A. Krąpiec on the basis of classical metaphysics can be considered a part of metaphysics or – better stated – as the basic type of particular metaphysics.  As distinguished from many contemporary forms of philosophical anthropology with a phenomenological character, M.A. Krąpiec’s anthropology has a clearly metaphysical character.  For him, it became the basis for working out its related fields, such as: philosophy (metaphysics) of culture, national philosophy, education and politics.
The author of the following text expresses the view that this anthropology has a fundamental dimension.  It is able to assimilate other, true, fragmentary visions of a person.  It is the anthropology in which the truth about the dignity of a person and her or his transcendence towards nature and society.

Key words: M.A. Krąpiec, anthropological experience, theory of person, anthropology, classical metaphysics



On the realistic philosophy of culture

M.A. Krąpiec’s philosophy of culture, thanks to its realism, is open to both being enriched thanks to achievements of science as well as to Revelation, which in a human way of experiencing religion needs a mind which reads/understands reality.  At the same time, it is a philosophy which allows identifying the sources of misunderstandings, which appeared during the history of philosophy within the context of such trends as: Neokantism, structuralism, Marxism or phenomenology, and which very strong influenced contemporary grasps of philosophy of culture.  Meanwhile, it is actually realistic philosophy of culture which to a more agreeable degree which helps a person obtain their own subjectivity, and culture – to give a decidedly personalistic character.

Key words: culture, nature, subjectivity, value, transcendental




Western culture and the issue of beauty
(Mieczysław A. Krąpiec’s Conception of Metaphysics of Beauty)

The debate about beauty is not only a philosophical debate, but also a debate about philosophy, that is why the article first discusses the issue of philosophy: the reasons for its breakdown into two traditions – realism and idealism, and next it shows how the mentioned traditions present the issue of beauty.  In the case of idealism, it does not explain this issue, but – on the basis of essentialism or anti-realism – it is projected in contrasting with each other and to an equal degree reductionistic concepts.  These concepts influence art and its theory, and lead to a so called anti-art.  The tradition of realism avoids reductionism and proves that beauty is relational and rational, but it is difficult, demanding from its adorer knowledge and ties art with the real world (art fulfills deficiencies in nature).

Key words: philosophy, realism, idealism, essentialism, anti-essentialism, beauty of being, categorical beauty, art




The concept of contemporary realistic philosophy – metaphysics.
From Aristotle and St. Thomas Aquinas to Mieczysław A. Krąpiec

The concept of philosophy formulated by M. A. Krąpiec is the modern concept of contemporary realistic philosophy.  The program of this metaphysical philosophy is composed of, among others, the following elements: (1) the subjective way of doing philosophy, which due to this ought to be done in the manner of general metaphysics or particular metaphysics; (2) historism, which ensures philosophizing before returning to old errors and resolutions, and can guarantee the development of philosophical cognition; (3) the awareness of methodological autonomy, which draws the need to work out autonomous methodological-logical tools for general metaphysics, as well as for particular metaphysics; (4) using integral language, taking into account its semantic, syntactic and pragmatic sides as well as determining the specifics of metaphysical cognition; (5) using the method of objective explanation (making something noncontradictional) of researched facts, events or processes in proving the clarity of the metaphysical assumptions by pointing to such real factors, whose rejection results in the negation of the clarified fact.  In this clarification, one strives to show the principle of “liberating” human cognition and thinking from absurdity and a priority thanks to pointing to the objective reasons (causes) of the existence for the studied facts; for supplying philosophical tools for the realistic interpretation of the world and a person as well as for revealing the basis for the rationality of human cognition and activity.
Studies of realistic philosophy are characterized by cognitive maximalizm, which appears while striving for philosophical explanation incorporating the whole of the existentially carried issue and concentrating on discovering the first and last causes of the existence of particular beings, as well as the whole of reality.

Key words: metaphysics, realism, contemporary/modern realistic philosophy, M.A. Krąpiec, metaphysical separation, philosophy of being, maximalistic philosophy, interpretation of the world and people




Fr. Professor Mieczysław Albert Krąpiec – philosopher and man

The article presents the life and creativity of Fr. Prof. M. A. Krąpiec as formed by his family environment, the Dominican Fathers’ Order, the Catholic Church, the Catholic University of Lublin and by his ties to patriotic values.  He was born on May 25, 1921 in Podole in Berezowica Mała near Zbaraż, when he was 18 years old, he entered the Dominican Order, and since 1951 he was employed at CUL in the Faculty of Philosophy, where he became one of the creators of the Lublin School of Classical Philosophy.  In the years 1970-1983 he was the rector of CUL.  Fr. Krąpiec’s philosophy was inspired by St. Thomas Aquinas, its realism, objectivism, maximalizm and wisdom. He was its tenacious expert, but also an exceptional creator and original continuator.  In his imposing written heritage, including 44 books and over 450 reports and articles, he practically worked out all philosophical issues.  He was an exceptional teacher, a master, who promoted over 300 magistrate (M.A) theses and 60 doctorates.  The last years of his life were dedicated to work on the Universal Encyclopedia of Philosophy, and he died during the proofreading of his last entry – “Christianity”.

Key words: M.A. Krąpiec, realistic philosophy, Lublin School of Classical Philosophy, Universal Encyclopedia of Philosophy


Autor: Robert Kryński
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 21.01.2010, godz. 14:24 - Robert Kryński