Spis treści



Spis treści





Ks. Stanisław Janeczek: Prepozytywizm filozofii Jean le Rond d’Alemberta?

Anna Filgel: Elementy filozofii polityki globalnej oraz prawa globalnego Danila Zolo

Paweł Gondek: U podstaw formowania koncepcji dobra jako przyczyny

Paulina Sulenta: Idee bytów jednostkowych w ujęciu św. Tomasza z Akwinu. Analiza ósmego artykułu III kwestii De veritate – De ideis

Justyna Trzepizur: Koncepcja determinacji woli w ujęciu Johna Locke’a

Marta Zambrzycka: Kategoria sacrum jako element kreacji bohatera literackiego na przykładzie powieści Wałerija Szewczuka Ciemna muzyka sosen (Темна музика сосон)

Ewa Kopeć: Rola wiedzy pedagogicznej w wychowaniu dziecka w rodzinie w świetle badań w powiecie kolbuszowskim




Sprawozdania i recenzje


Ks. Ryszard Groń: 47. Międzynarodowy Kongres Studiów Mediewistycznych wraz z Konferencją Studiów Cysterskich, 10–13 maja 2012

Piotr Paweł Gach, rec.: Jean Amos Comenius, Art et enseignement de la predication. Manuel d’homilétique de l’Unitè tchèques et moraves, traduit du tchèque et commenté par Daniel S. Larangé, Paris: L’Harmattan, 2006

Ks. Marian Radwan: Przed 150-tą rocznicą Powstania Styczniowego, rec.: Eugeniusz Niebelski, Tunka. Syberyjskie losy księży zesłańców 1863 roku, Biblioteka Zesłańca, t. 24, Wrocław 2011

S. Zofia Zdybicka, rec.: Ignacy Dec, Transcendencja człowieka w przyrodzie. Ujęcie Mieczysława A. Krąpca i kard. Karola Wojtyły, Wrocław 2011



Z życia uniwersytetu


Diariusz wydarzeń uniwersyteckich (styczeń–marzec 2012)










Pre-positivism of Jean le Rond D’Alembert’s philosophy?


This paper presents a concept of philosophy according to d’Alembert. It opposes the attempt to categorize it unambiguously as “positivism.” It highlights d’Alembert’s focus on the reflection upon the method for all kinds of cognitive activity, pointing out to the similarities between his philosophy and the transformation of logic into epistemology, with reference to the reflection on practical activity, in a manner characteristic for modern philosophical culture. D’Alembert shares with Condillac the concept of philosophy regarded as a special metaphysics of knowledge which enriches the analysis of the mind, in accordance with Locke, by the addition of the research for the grounds (possibilities) of the cognitive activity itself. Despite the criticism of the traditional metaphysics, the pointlessness of its problems, in the spirit of long durée, d’Alembert does not neglect traditional philosophical questions, also those with a reference to the worldview, although, undoubtedly, in the spirit of increasing agnosticism. D’Alembert also notices the possibility of a third form of philosophizing through a merger of the basic principles of particular sciences, each of which has its own metaphysics. It is revealed in its most advanced form through the so-called metaphysics of body (métaphysique des corps), concerning most basic qualities of the world of nature. According to d’Alembert, the task of philosophy, which aim is to formulate an overall view of reality, is not only the specific methodological patronage over the activity of particular sciences, but also a supplementation, understood constructivistically, of the chain of sciences (“ajoûter de nouveaux chainons aux parties séparées”). This indicates a relative comprehension of the autonomy of philosophy in regard to applied sciences, despite the fact that it functions within their context. 


Keywords: Christ, Holy Spirit, Christianity, christocentrism, truth, freedom, liberalism, modernity, ideologies, dialogue, anthropology, creation




Danilo Zolo’s elements of global policy and global law philosophy


The aims of this article are twofold. Firstly, it presents the intellectual figure of Danilo Zolo, one of the most important modern Italian philosophers, with regards to his philosophy of global policy and global law. Secondly, it debates whether his stand on legal pluralism and polycentrism in international relations is a wise and forward-looking solution for the globalized world.

Danilo Zolo is a world-renowned philosopher, a lawyer, and a retired professor of the philosophy of law at the University of Florence. Since several years he has been dealing with issues related to global politics. He has written a lot of books on the subject, most of which have been translated into several languages.

Zolo constantly leads a lively discussion with the cosmopolitan way of thinking he calls ius globalism. According to the cosmopolitans, the only right world order, as well as lasting and universal peace, can be achieved by establishing one hierarchical transnational authority, one universal law, and one mandatory criminal justice. Zolo formulates his own alternative concept of the desired global order, which is in opposition to these beliefs, and which corresponds with the theory of minimal legal order, as well as legal pluralism and polycentrism in international relations. Recognized within legal pluralism is a net of parallel legal systems that are overlapping, complementary or antagonistic, require constant transactions and transgressions, and cannot be reduced to a single normative paradigm. Additionally, polycentrism in internationals relations is a stance which proclaims the postulate of polarization of a number of centers scattered in space. This is considered to be the result of, among other things, a cultural and political diversity which exists in the world.


Keywords: political philosophy, philosophy of law, global policy philosophy, philosophy of global law, cosmopolitanism, polycentric regionalism, legal pluralism sciences




At the basis of the formulation of the concept of good as a cause


The question of good is still a current issue in philosophy. It provides not only an ethical reference as a moral qualification of deed but also, above all, a metaphysical reference as a principle of existence. This article deals with the second approach, taking into consideration the concepts of Plato and Aristotle, which are fundamental for the development of this question. In Plato’s way of understanding Good as a principle, there is a connection between an explanation based on mathematical relations and a theological explanation. The way a given cause functions in the world, where sensual things occur as formal projections resulting from the mode of existence of ideas, indicates a references to Good as something certain and fixed. Good for Plato is a formal reason for existence, relating to all things through exemplar imitation. Due to this, the causing (which is not a process) takes the form of participation, which is a relation between ideas and sensual things. For Aristotle, on the other hand, good is a motive for action, which reveals itself within a being as a goal or a final. This made it possible for Aristotle to justify existential dynamism and indicate its ultimate cause - the First Unmoved Mover. What is more, the discovery of good as a cause of existential dynamism allowed Aristotle to formulate the principle which, in its validity, covers also the field of practical philosophy.


Keywords: Plato, Aristotle, good, cause 



Morality in reality of the consumer society


In her article, the author undertakes the issue of the existence of individual ideas in the interpretation of St. Thomas Aquinas. The provided reflections partake in a wide-ranging discussion on the cognition of individual things and aim at demonstrating whether, according to Aquinas, there are any objective, ultimate and necessary reasons/factors which determine the cognition of each being. The author has chosen the eighth article of the third question of his Quaestiones disputatae de veritate entitled De ideis as her primary source. The first section outlines a historical context behind the discovery of the existence of individual ideas made by St. Thomas. It also presents the objections formulated against the possibility of the existence of ideas of what is individual, showing the mindset of Aquinas’ predecessors.

The analyses carried out in the second paragraph deal with the context of justification of the existence of individual ideas. Ancient philosophers denied ideas their individual character because they believed that ideas were not causes for whole beings, but only for their general forms. They also argued that the actions of nature are aimed at the preservation of species. Meanwhile, Aquinas, by formulating the philosophical theory of creatio ex nihilo, proved that God cognizes and brings into existence not general forms that determine the affiliation of species, but creates whole individual beings and places them under his care. Therefore, there must be individual ideas in the Divine intellect, which are the ultimate reasons for existence and cognition, for individual things and the world as a whole.


Keywords: act of creation, individual ideas, knowledge, providence, St. Thomas Aquinas



The concept of determination of the will according to John Locke


John Locke’s views on the determination of the will are closely related to his theory of action. Locke tried to answer the question regarding the basis of human action, in other words, determine the factors that motivate an individual to perform a given activity. He claimed that there can be a universal motive which initiates any human activity, although people take certain actions which are guided by different motives.

This article presents the problem of the will and the main motive for human activity, on the basis of a chapter entitled Of Power from Locke’s book, Essay Concerning Human Understanding. First of all, it tries to provide an analysis of the term “will” and indicates the functions and the role that this power plays in the structure of human actions. Then, it presents the theories of motivation, taken from the first and the second edition of Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Last but not least, it attempts to determine the factor which can be regarded as the main motive for human actions, pointing to the uneasiness as well as the power to suspend desires.


Keywords: the determination of the will, desire, happiness, power of suspension, uneasiness



The category of sacrum as an element of the creation of a literary hero on the example of Valery Shevchuk’s novel Темна музика сосон


The aim of this article is to analyze the category of sacrum as an element of the creation of a literary character on the example of the novel Dark Music of Pines by a Ukrainian writer, Valery Shevchuk. Since the category of sacrum exceeds beyond a literary category and is linked to a vast field of cultural and religious studies, the analysis undertaken by the author is interdisciplinary, combining the principles of literary studies, religious studies and cultural anthropology. Valeriy Shevchuk is one of the greatest contemporary Ukrainian writers. The main subject of this analysis is the creation of a literary character in one of his most recent novels. Shevchuk explicitly refers to widely understood mythological and religious symbolism.


Keywords: Sacrum, profanum, mythology, literary hero, religious, symbolism, phenomenology



The role of pedagogical knowledge in educating a child in the family, in the light of research carried out in the Kolbuszowa District


The article justifies the need for parents to have pedagogical knowledge in the process of raising a child in the family properly. The family environment is considered to be the first, indispensable place in which the child has an opportunity to develop his personality comprehensively. This environment has its own characteristics which cannot be found in any other educational conditions. It has intentional and unintentional educational impacts, which are comprehensive in character, due to the fact that each of them has a specific educational value. The theme of pedagogical knowledge is undertaken by pedagogical culture that belongs to the field of family pedagogy, which deals with educational activity in a person’s natural living environment - the family. This study deals with education in a family and through a family, that is, the educational functioning of a family. The article also presents the results of a research conducted among parents, which focused on the parents’ possession of pedagogical knowledge and the identification of sources for acquiring knowledge about education. 


Keywords: education, educational theory, child, family







Autor: Robert Kryński
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 15.07.2013, godz. 13:34 - Robert Kryński