Spis treści



Spis treści





Anna Antonowicz: Komnata Horrorów: elity smaku wobec kiczu mas [pdf]
Paweł Balewski: Kicz w stylu reggae [pdf]
Weronika Małgorzata Kluch, Katarzyna Leszczyńska: Kicz w wybranych adaptacjach powieści Michaiła Bułhakowa Mistrz i Małgorzata [pdf]
Marta Gruszecka, Tomasz Michalik: Przyjemne miejsca trudnej pamięci. O kiczu martyrologicznym na przykładzie skansenu w Szymbarku [pdf]
Janina Zabielska: Zjawisko kiczu w przestrzeni miejskiej [pdf]
Kamil Łuczaj: Dlaczego kochamy kicz? Teorie kulturowe i ewolucjonistyczne [pdf]
Krzysztof Prednecki: Kicz podczas widowiska sportowego [pdf]
Kamil Filipek: Kicz w kulturze źródłem inspiracji politycznych [pdf]
Katarzyna Kolbowska: Przenikanie egzotycznych form ekspresji kulturowej. Trywializacja pierwotnych symbolicznych treści, na przykładzie grup capoeira w Polsce [pdf]
Justyna Laskowska-Otwinowska: Vintage i jego kicz [pdf]
Ewa Albińska: Kiczowatość oraz byle jakość – współczesne style życia [pdf]
Dorota Tomczyszyn: Uczestnictwo w kulturze a formy spędzania czasu wolnego lekarzy [pdf]
Maria Miczyńska-Kowalska: Kultura konsumpcyjna cechą społeczeństwa ponowoczesnego. Zacieranie granic między kulturą niską a wysoką [pdf]
Ramazan Arslan: Ruch Gülena i jego wpływ na edukację i dialog międzykulturowy i międzyreligijny [pdf]
Tomasz Kupś: Odniesienie do „całości” jako niezdefiniowane religijnie „doświadczenie podstawowe” [pdf]




Sprawozdania i recenzje


Ks. Grzegorz GłąbPostać księdza w literaturze. Ogólnopolska konferencja naukowa. Kielce, 19–20 kwietnia 2013 roku [pdf]

Ks. Kazimierz Święs: „Polskie drogi nowej ewangelizacji”. Duszpasterskie Wykłady Akademickie 2013. Sprawozdanie [pdf]

Tadeusz Sakowicz, rec.: Podstawowe pojęcia socjologii religii w eksplikacji ks. Janusza Mariańskiego, oprac. i wyboru dokonał M. Marczewski, Lublin: Wydawnictwo Polihymnia, 2013 [pdf]







Chamber of Horrors: The taste elites’ campaign against mass tastelessness


Chamber of Horror was the most controversial exhibitionary room of the Museum of Ornamental Art (today Victoria & Albert Museum) opened in 1852 in order to diffuse correct principles of design and good taste as part of the government decorative reform. Officially titled the Gallery of False Principles in Decoration, this exhibition aimed to draw visitor’s attention to the falsehood of low-quality ornamental art by means of display and description of the most resentful and notorious examples of Victorian tastelessness. Although the Gallery was small and short-lived, it constituted an acute display of growing public anxiety over the detrimental influence of the consumer society, the industrial revolution and the democratisation of culture upon aesthetic values. The Chamber also played a crucial role in the official mid-Victorian British discourse on the principles of taste and qualities of false art.


Keywords: Victorian kitsch, decorative reform, the Museum of Ornamental Art at Marlborough House, The Gallery of False Principles in Decoration, social and moral aspects of kitsch



Reggae style kitsch


In Poland, kitsch music is mainly associated with pop and disco polo music. The elements of kitsch can be found there as well, where you would not necessarily have expected, namely in some types of Jamaican music origin. Classic reggae styles, roots and dub as still retain their “alternative”, even “underground” character. Still it is not very often present in Polish radio and TV stations, just as it was twenty or thirty years ago. The recent mutations of reggae such as dancehall and ragamuffin are coming to the fore in the mass media, the best example is the outbreak popularity of young reggae-man Kamil Bednarek, who is well – known thanks to the program “Mam Talent”. Reggae, which first of all used to be the voice of the downtrodden people (not just black!) and assumed the role of carrier of syncretic religious and social Rastafari movement, in today’s music formula we can often find empty words, imitation and banality. In the postmodern world popular music do not contain religious or patriotic metanarratives, because there is lack of space for it. The musical form, giving in to the influence of advanced audio production techniques inducing agents gained even more intensified experience. Deep meaning rigidly attached to the harmonic vibration of reggae had to go into the of shadows of its form that perfectly mastered the impact also on the outside auditory senses. In place of complex, multi-level meanings of characters appeared flat ones. Reggaes child – dancehall became almost literal kingdom of vulgularity. This music no longer encourages to rebel against Babylon - the symbol of evil in rasta language. It does not show real, harsh realities of everyday social life, such as poverty or other problems, such as aggressive industrialization. These were some of the main topics of roots reggae. The media show the presentation of the unreal life, where you can see the endless fun, glamour and omnipresented sex.

Keywords: reggae, pop reggae, dancehall, kitsch



Kitsch in some adaptations of Mikhail Bulgakov’s novel Master and Margarita


A subject of this paper is a presence of kitsch in various forms of contemporary adaptation of Mikhail Bulgakov’s novel Master and Margarita. There were discussed four of them: a theater performance, a film, an animation and a video clip. It turns out that nowadays all forms of adaptation, because of being the products of popular culture, bear hallmarks of kitsch. This is due to the fact that today a boundary between art and kitsch in classic meaning is blurring more and more. It is seen a coexistence of these opposed categories in many areas.


Keywords: kitsch, art, theater performance, film, animation, video clip



Memorial sites turned pleasant. The open-air museum CEPR in Szymbark as an example of martyrological kitsch


In his classic book, Psychologie du Kitsch, Abraham Moles proposes five general features characterizing kitsch: adaptation, cumulation, synesthesia of perception, mediocrity and comfort. These theoretical proposals are employed in the present study to reflect on the role of kitsch in representing martyrological themes in Polish history. This work is a case study analysing the open-air museum CEPR in Szymbark (Poland) as an example of a complex structure, where entertainment and commemoration clash and blend. Moreover, this work seeks possibilities of using kitsch in novel ways – in commemoration and representation of a nation’s traumatic past.


Keywords: kitsch, martyrology, commemoration



The phenomenon of kitsch in the urban space


Paper is devoted to the phenomenon of kitsch in the contemporary cities. The term kitsch was defined herein in terms of philosophy, art and aesthetics. Outlines a number of examples of kitsch appearing in cities – starting in architectural chaos through the various types of city “decorations” – that is finally not always a successful small architecture, to sacro-kitsch that is ugliness and exaggeration in the sacred architecture. Also presented examples of objects considered as a kitsch, but which are important, sometimes historical symbols of the cities in which they are located. The article shows a number of examples, mainly from Polish cities, to help understand how to understand kitsch in the city.


Keywords: kitsch, ugliness, contemporary city, architectural chaos



Why do we love kitsch? The cultural and evolutionary theories


The main aim of this paper is a critical analysis of the two paradigms within which, the analysis of the phenomenon of kitsch is carried on. The traditional approach, which I refer to as “cultural”, stems from the works of Abraham Moles, Hermann Broch and others, but it was Pierre Bourdieu who proposed its proper formulation in the social sciences. This paradigm assumes that human tastes are diversified, because of a social class and factors such as level of income, education, or the size of the place of residence have an impact on the taste for kitsch. Since the early 1990s, however, a paradigm based on the Darwinian idea of evolution becomes more and more popular. Researchers such as Denis Dutton and Nancy Aiken pointed out that evolution has developed some aesthetic adaptations that predispose people to be strongly appealed to kitschy items. Theoretical considerations presented here are supplemented with photos.


Keywords: kitsch, cultural theory, evolutionary theory, photos



Kitsch during the sports show


Sports events as social phenomena and cultural it is one of phenomena of the present. These shows became a part pop culture, and thanks to television they are determined with name of the biggest theatre of world. On the national level we are also forced to commune with the kitsch observing non-white so-called fans of the success (speedway, volleyball, ski jumps). We are dealing here with painted faces, in white – with red dresses of the clown and sounds get out of plastic trumpets. Next groups of fanatics took control of arenas of the football, of so-called ultras, preparing covers on podiums. Quite often they, are portraying only a lack of talent of artists and the consent on stadium bad taste of the remaining meeting attendees.

Keywords: ultras stadion, art, show, kitsch, sport, football, fans, ultra, stadium


The cultural kitsch: a source of political inspirations


The article aims to analyze complex mechanism of expansion of the cultural kitsch into contemporary politics. Kitsch appearing in the contemporary arts and culture is immediately adopted by politicians into political communication process. Political adoption of kitsch results in distortion of the idea of representative democracy. Kitsch-feed demos is replaced by crowd. Politicians speak with crowd only if they have to. It is quite risky but justified, that we’re entering into another phase of democracy development, so called “turbocracy” (latin turba, crowd). Its constitutive feature is ubiquitous kitsch.

Keywords: cultural kitsch, political kitsch



The penetration of exotic forms of cultural expression. Trivialisation of the original symbolic meanings, for example,capoeira groups in Poland


Cultural diffusion phenomenon is not new, there was a problem willingly undertaken by the classics of sociological thought. Today is a wandering cultural topics took a different meaning than in the past. It is part of the “mix” associated with globalization. The contents are transferred shallower when they lose a natural context. When you “settle” under the new conditions they lose their innocence, are stripped of traditionalism and mysticism.
Capoeira is a Brazilian martial art-dance. My studies in cultural anthropology seeks to answer the question, whether rooted phenomenon, operating in a new environment only in the Polish part of the :exotic fashion”?
Analysis of the social process of transmitting meanings revealed that both participants and animators creating the kind of community that offered to participants; energy joy, moments of relaxation and carefree, escape from the grey reality. The study group formed aesthetics without a doubt, to exhibit traits kitsch, the emotional force of attraction.


Keywords: capoeira, the cultural thread, kitsch, trivialisation, hedonism



Vintage and its kitsch


Vintage is one of the present art-stylies and the lifestylies. This buzze word originates from the winemaking terminology: it means the wine produced at one season and made from one kind of the grapes. In this etymological meaning vintage is similar to the Polish meaning of the word “generation”. In fashion this qualification started exist in XIX century. According to the term “retro” – more popular in Polish language – it represented something old, oldfashion, from past epoch. Contemporary vintage looking for the antiques compiles them in innovative and shocking manner with another things. Connections of contrasts is characteristic of the present vintage. Kitsch has alike attributes: is oldfashion, trumpery, inauthentic and heteronomic. The question reads as follow: is vintage the kitsch or not?


Keywords: kitsch, vintage, style, fashion



Participation in culture and forms of spending free time in the doctors’ environment


Today we can observe the phenomenon of rare usage of high culture. Passive forms of spending free time are most common. The author decides to verify these theses by conducting a survey among doctors in Biała Podlaska. This group is classified as social and professional high society and elite, especially in small towns. This should be connected with their active and passive ways of spending leisure time and participating in the culture. It appeared that only few doctors choose ambitious, high culture. Most of the examined persons preferred TV serial or computer to theatre, art gallery or opera. It can be claimed that although the doctors can consciously define kitsch in culture, they still choose it in their life attitudes.


Keywords: culture, leisure, recreation, entertainment, kitsch, doctors



Consumer culture as a feature of postmodern society. Bluring the outlines between high and low culture


The article considers problems of contemporary culture, bluring the outlines between high and low culture in postmodern view. Postmodernism proclaims hedonism and consumer way of life. The main aim in postmodernism is consumption. Over estimating values are taking place. High values are displaced by low, instrumental values. Differency and variety are specified for postmodernism. The man in postmodernism chooses these values, which are profitable for him. Therefore this article establishes proposition, that human way of life in postmodern society and postmodern cultury may be compare to a junk, trashy and low valuable composition. The article shows problem how to understand modern cultury, consumer cultury, and making sef-identity in postmodern world, which argue article`s thesis.


Keywords: culture, values, trashy, composition, individual, self-identity, consumption



Gulen Movement and its contributions to interfaith dialogue, tolerance, and education


Fethullah Gülen is the leader of the mainstream Islamic thought in Turkey called “nurczułuk”. He is a Muslim scholar, thinker, author, poet, a man of great power who many looked to for advice and help. He is well known also as an education activist who supports interreligious and intercultural dialogue, democracy and spirituality, and also opposed to violence and the transformation of religion in political ideology. Fethullah Gülen promotes peaceful coexistence and cooperation of civilizations for building a peaceful world, and is therefore opposed to the idea of Huntington’s clash of civilizations.
A striking feature of the life of Fethullah Gülen is the fact that his vision and ideas do not remain rhetoric, but are implemented as global citizens’ projects. By some estimates, the world was established hundreds of educational organizations – international schools, universities, language schools and cultural centers, which were inspired by the ideas of Fethullah Gülen.
Geographical, cultural, political and religious conditions, i.e. “geopolitical”, “geostrategic” conditions which Turkey there is in, inevitably induce this country to fulfill the mission of a bridge between cultures and civilizations both in the regional and international arena.Gülen believes that the way to tolerance and justice for all people depends on ensuring adequate universal education. Only then people will be able to demonstrate sufficient understanding and tolerance, enabling them to treat the rights of other people with proper respect. For this purpose, over the years Gülen encouraged members of the intelligentsia and the business circles to support the education at a high level.


Keywords: The Gulen Movement, the dialogue of civilizations, Fethullah Gülen, education, peace, religion, dialogue and tolerance



The reference to “the whole” as an Indeterminate “basic experience”


I confront some chosen examples of the description of experiences interpreted in terms of religion (delivered by Schleiermacher, Otto and Eliade) with some instances of philosophical interpretation of “the whole”, e.g. “the whole of life” (Heidegger) or “the whole of freedom” (Kierkegaard) which I treat as the experiences of a primordially religiously indeterminate sense. I make a hypothesis of the possible indeterminate character of the experiences of “the whole”, which later can be easily interpreted in terms of religion.


Keywords: whole, basic experience, religion, Mircea Eliade, Georg Simmel, Immanuel Kant











Autor: Robert Kryński
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 04.02.2016, godz. 12:09 - Robert Kryński