Evandro Agazzi


Evandro Agazzi

University of Genoa

Panamerican University of Mexico City


Scientific objectivity and its contexts

30 hour-course
1 hour credit, 2 ECTS points

May 19-27, 2014




Science in modern sense can be characterized as rigorous and objective knowledge, but the mainstream philosophy of science of analytic inspiration does not attribute to science the quality of being a true discourse, nor the capability of knowing reality. A careful analysis of the notion of objectivity shows that it has the double sense of intersubjectivity and of reference to objects. Both of them rely upon operational criteria, As a consequence of this analysis one can affirm that every science is a true discourse relative to its specific intended referents, and these referents are subdomains of reality constituting distinct regional ontologies. In such a way a realist view of science is vindicated. Philosophy of science, however, cannot be restricted to be only an epistemology of science, since scientific objectivity depends on historical determinations that, in particular, make of science a subsystem of a much broader cognitive and extracognitive global system. In such a way relations of science with metaphysics, ethics and religion can be correctly investigated.


Course text

  • E. Agazzi, Commensurability, Incommensurability, and Cumulativity in Scientific Knowledge, Erkenntnis 22 (1985) pp. 51-77;
  • E. Agazzi, The Historical Dimensions of Science and its Philosophy, Diogène 132 (1985), pp. 60-79;
  • E. Agazzi, On the Criteria for Establishing the Ontological Status of Different Entities, in Agazzi 1997a, pp. 40-73;
  • E. Agazzi, Rethinking Philosophy of Science Today, in Selected papers from the XXII World Congress of Philosophy (2012).

Questions should be directed to

  • dr hab. Agnieszka Lekka-Kowalik, prof. KUL (alekka@kul.lublin.pl)
  • or mgr Łukasz Cięgotura (LukaszCiegotura@poczta.fm)

Autor: Andrzej Zykubek
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 29.05.2014, godz. 04:43 - Andrzej Zykubek