Spis treści



Spis treści





Stanisław Dunin-Wilczyński: Artysta wpisany w dzieło. Między Las Meninas Diego Velazqueza a New Nightmare Wesa Cravena [pdf]
Marek Ilnicki: Uwolnienie Michaiła Chodorkowskiego: nowy etap liberalizacji Rosji? [pdf]
Bogusław Nierenberg: Dziennikarstwo w XXI wieku – między potrzebami społecznymi a wymogami rynku [pdf]
Marek Jabłonowski: Ostatnie miesiące. Uwagi o sytuacji w PZPR po wyborach w czerwcu 1989 roku [pdf]
Tomasz Gackowski: O wyzwaniach dla polskiego medioznawstwa w kontekście aksjologii, profesjonalizmu dziennikarskiego, metodologii badań oraz tożsamości dziennikarskiej [pdf]
Marcin Pielużek: Kody i semantyki w komunikacji środowisk nacjonalistycznych [pdf]





Sprawozdania i recenzje


Jarosław Kozak: Religia i moralność – wolność wyboru czy heretycki imperatyw?, rec.: Janusz Mariański, Kontrowersje wokół relacji religii i moralności. Tożsamość czy rozbieżność? Studium socjologiczne, Toruń: Wydawnictwo Adam Marszałek, 2014 [pdf]
ks. Janusz Mariański, rec.: Grzegorz Adamczyk, Moralność i konsumpcja we współczesnym społeczeństwie polskim. Studium socjologiczne, Wydawnictwo KUL, Lublin 2013 [pdf]






The artist inscribed in the work. Between Las Meninas  by Diego Velazquez and New Nightmare by Wes Craven


Diego Velazquez’s painting „Las Meninas” corresponds with Wes Craven’s film „New Nightmare” on thematic and visual levels. They are connected not only by the motif of an author within his work, but also by the means to which this motif is used. On the one hand it might be interpreted as a fairly egotistic act, which intends to underline the value of their work and their artistic mastery. However, at the same time it is a masterful play with the viewer who comes to see their works. Craven’s work takes from the baroque understanding of representing reality, where the aim is to amaze by blur the border between the reality represented on the image and the base reality of the viewer.


Keywords: Velazquez, Craven, author, representation, reality



Release of Mikhail Khodorovsky: new stage of russian liberalization?

The article relates to the results of pardoning the founder of Jukos oil company Mikhail Khodorkovsky by the Russian President Vladimir Putin. The author has lied down a broad analysis of possible causes of Russian President’s decission as well as shown the legal basis in force in this country, regulating the procedure of a pardon. According to contemporary practice, a plea for pardon was considered as same to a confession to commiting a crime, what was what neither Khodorkovski nor his partner wanted to do. According to the author the compromise was reached; Russian regulations demands for personally formulated a plee for pardon, however confession to a crime is no longer an obligatory element of the procedure. Among possible causes for releasing Khodorkovsky there were mentioned such factors as: an attempt to improve the image of Russia before the inauguration of Winter Games in Sochi; establishing the lack of validation of accusations of breaking the human rights in discussed case; shifting a focus of public opinion from deterorating geopolitical situation of the Russian Federation; an attempt to mute the voices of the opposition which was trying to bring down the myth of President Putin’s diplomatic successes; or an attempt to demonstrate special political bounds between Uwolnienie Michaiła Chodorkowskiego : nowy etap liberalizacji Rosji ? 31 Russia and Germany, which participated in the release of Khodorkovsky. The author also underlined the fact that the release of Khodorkovsky was not connected to the amnesty of prisoners announced by the State’s Duma on the occasion of the 20’th anniversary of the Russian Constitution. According to the author the latest political changes in Russia prove the theories about a need to improve the image. In the article there was also included a broad analysis of a taxation system concerning the largest Russian oil companies in 2000–2001 and pointed out the possible motives of Khodorkovsky’s arrestment. According to the author the surprising issue is not a constatnt support of the Russian society to the government, but the behaviour of the influential Russian businessmen and liberal polititians.
Keywords: Khodorkovsky, political prisoner, Jukos, pardon, oligarchy, Putin 


Journalism in the 21st century – between social needs and market requirements


The article aims to present the condition of the journalist profession at present and in the past. The article puts forth two research theses: 1. At present, as a result of new technologies being applied in the new media, the traditionally understood correspondent journalists are being supplanted by media workers - employees of media organizations and 2. new forms of electronic transmission do not rule out the mission, traditionally connected with the performance of the journalism profession. Both of the theses were proven by means of case studies connected to the figures of Ryszard Kapuściński, Polish journalist and publicist, and American blogger Matthew Lee. Moreover, technological processes which impact the process of shaping of the journalist profession was performed. 
Keywords: journalism, media, market, public opinion, Ryszard Kapuscinski, Matthew Lee 

Recent months. Remarks on the situation in the Polish United Workers' Party (PZPR) after the Elections in June 1989

In the political system of Peoples’ Republic of Poland, Polish United Workers' Party (PZPR) for more than four decades has played a key role in all areas of country’s policy. In the end of the 80’s, as a result of changes in Poland, fractures within the Party deepened. They were a result of differences in understanding of the requirements for, the scale and pace of reforms both in the party and the country. The article follows the last few months of functioning of PZPR when, after the June ’89 elections, a deep division within the party took place. Consequently it has been dissolved during the 11th Congress, fated by, inter alia, crisis of confidence in own arguments, strength and own leaders. This moment is a major key in the process of destruction of political system, that has been functioning in Poland since 1940’s.
Keywords: PZPR, PUWP, year 1989, elections, dissolution of PZPR, 11th Congress of PZPR, political system, party system, Polish left wing 


The chalenges for the polish media studies in the context of axiology, journalistic professionalism, research methodology and the identity of journalists considerations on the Canvas newestlatest monograph prof. Jacek Dąbała

This article was written under the influence of reflections made in the course of reading the latest monograph of prof. Jacek Dąbała titled: Media and Journalism. Axiology – workshop – Identity, ed. Universitas, Cracow 2014. Text on the one hand seems to be a review, on the other hand it is polemics, in which writing these words decided to even develop a kind of specific problems that interested him. In this context, this article touches on issues such as the axiology of the media and now these anti-values , telegenity of presenters/journalists and its consequences for reception by the public of mass media, contemporary journalistic workshop, its capabilities and limitations, the function of theology in the media, journalistic professionalism and the greatest contemporary threats to him, the study of audiovisual methods with particular emphasis on the phenomenological approach, and finally the identity of the journalist as a cognitive construct, the operating mechanism of the mass media’s recipients and the subject of media research media studies. This text should be treated as a voice in the discussion, initiated by prof. Jacek Dąbała on ponderable issues which are not always perceived by the Polish media experts. 
Keywords: axiology, phenomenology, journalistic professionalism, journalistic identity, telegenity



Codes and semantics in communication of radical right-wing

Nationalistic groups employ numerous subculture communication channels to promote political programs, to manifest convictions and values, generating and reproducing specific communication codes. Purpose of the article is reconstruction of linguistic worldview of Polish nationalistic movements. Communication perspective assumed by the author is focused on construction methods and functions of respective constructs, performed based on key codes used in communication of the radical right-wing. Basing on constructivist theories, cognitive linguistics and concept of linguistic worldview, attempt of identification and analysis was undertaken with regard to basic identity codes and their semantics present in publications of extreme right-wing environments.
Keywords: linguistic worldview, social communication, constructivism, nationalism, radical political movements


Autor: Robert Kryński
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 04.02.2016, godz. 13:47 - Robert Kryński