Spis treści



Spis treści





Janusz Barański: Janosik na Spiszu: „rytuał estetyczny” a tożsamość regionalna [pdf]
Joanna Bielecka-Prus: Wykład jako performans. Performans jako wykład. Performatywne wymiary praktyki badawczej [pdf]
Aleksandra Derlukiewicz: Wybrane przejawy okultyzmu w świadomości studentów z PSW w Białej Podlaskiej. Badanie pilotażowe [pdf]
Krzysztof Jurek: Kolor jako element kształtowania tożsamości jednostkowej i zbiorowej [pdf]
Janusz Mariański: Religia i moralność w świadomości Polaków – analiza socjologiczna [pdf]
Jolanta Męderowicz: Uwagi na temat „rytuałów ofiarowania” i sztuki performance [pdf]
Aleksandra Magdalena Pińska: Rytuał czy ceremonia? Rozważania nad praktykami ślubnymi w kontekście przemian w sferze życia rodzinno-małżeńskiego [pdf]
Adam A. Szafrański: Jeppe Sinding Jensen a antropologiczne dyskusje. Wokół rytuału. Ku konstruktywistycznej refleksji nad rytuałem religijnym [pdf]
Wioletta Szymczak: Aksjologia liberalnej i komunitarystycznej wizji społeczeństwa obywatelskiego. Z perspektywy Alfreda Schütza koncepcji motywów działania [pdf]





Sprawozdania i recenzje


Marek Wódka OFMConv: Sprawozdanie z seminarium naukowego „Ksiądz profesor Franciszek Janusz Mazurek (1933–2009) – osoba i dzieło”. Lublin, KUL, 27 listopada 2014 roku [pdf]
Paweł Gondek: Kanon starożytnego nauczania retoryki, rec. Progymnasmata. Greckie ćwiczenia retoryczne i ich modelowe opracowanie, opracowanie, przekład i komentarz Henryk Podbielski, Lublin: Towarzystwo Naukowe KUL, 2013, 582 s. [pdf]
Wioletta Szymczak: rec. Janusz Mariański, Sekularyzacja. Desekularyzacja. Nowa duchowość. Studium socjologiczne, Kraków: Zakład Wydawniczy NOMOS, 2013, 288 s. [pdf]
Damian Maziarz: rec. Leszek Kołakowski, Jezus ośmieszony. Esej apologetyczny i sceptyczny, przekł. D. Zańko, Kraków: Wydawnictwo ZNAK, 2014, 135 s. [pdf]
Paulina Sulenta: rec. O uniwersytecie, w serii „Wykłady Otwarte imienia Ojca Profesora Mieczysława A. Krąpca OP”, red. A. Maryniarczyk, T. Duma, K. Stępień, Lublin: PTTA, 2014, 217 s. [pdf]






Janosik in Spisz: “aesthetic ritual” and regional identity


The subject of the analysis is a self-taught sculptor’s artistic activity from Niedzica in Spisz, which forms a part of the narratives of regional policies of the last decade. It manifests art brut characteristics, remaining outside aesthetics and art history criteria, while having a function of the material attribute of the dispersed ritual of identity within the local community. This function is shared by other spheres of aesthetics – from architectural forms, to interior design and garden decorations, to elements of the old folklore (dress, music, dance). The meanings of the art works are constituted on the level of the meta-cultural practices of everyday life, whose important feature is the clash between Polishness and Slovakishness, globalization and the revitalization of locality, the idea of local minority/foreign elites and the views of most residents.


Keywords: aesthetics, art brut, regional identity, ritual, cultural heritage, tradition



Lecture as performance. Performance as lecture.
Performative dimensions of research practice

A lecture as a genre can be analyzed as a ritual form of performance with its interactional order. A traditional lecture is a regulated speech act and the body of a researcher is not an essential carrier of meanings. Multimedia presentations change a role of researcher’s body but only the postmodern turn and new paradigm in ethnography treats the body as an integral part of the research process. The first part of the article focuses on the main features of the academic lecture as a discursive genre. In the second part of the text, methodological assumptions of performative ethnography will be discussed together with its main functions and criteria for evaluation.
Keywords: academic discourse, ethnoperformance, postmodern ethnography


Selected symptoms of occultism in Pope John Paul II State School of Higher Education in Biala Podlaska students’ consciousness. Pilot studies


Occultism is the combination of esoteric doctrines that presuppose the existence of the secret forces in man and in nature. As a distinct stream of thoughts, it arose in the nineteenth century, in the era of the so-called “Fin de siècle” and it was the result of the collapse of the theocratic system and the image change of the world and man. Today, the new type of spiritual sensitivity and openness to transcendence is noticed by the younger generation. The lack of spiritual direction in solving existential crises, fear of independence, temporariness, society pressure lead young people to refer to the occult powers that give them a sense of security. The “occult revival” can be observed nowadays. The analysis shows the need for further research in the aspect, that the mass culture and promoted by the media secret (divination, clairvoyance, horoscopes) knowledge causes the revival of old practices and occult rituals among young people.
Keywords: ritual, occult, students

Color as an element of shaping personal and collective identity

The aim of this article is an attempt to analyze the function of color involving the shaping of personal and collective identity. Psychologists believe that colors emphasize human personality. Colors allow to express emotions and promote shared values. Symbols of color unite people, facilitate communication, strengthen social bonds and motivate to action. The author assumes that we live in a culture of images and color is one of the tools and methods of cognition of the social reality.
Keywords: personal identity, collective identity, color


Religion and morality in the consciousness of Poles – a sociological analysis

The article poses some interesting questions asked from a sociological point of view. In what way is, in the consciousness of contemporary Poles, the relationship between religious faith and morals shaped? Is religion considered a necessary foundation of moral life, or is it thought to be merely supporting a certain moral order? Does (and if so, to what extent) religion have the power to influence human behavior, either on the level of individual (personal) morality or that of social or civic morality? Is it possible to be moral without religion? What is the impact of religion on marital or family morality? Is there a connection between religion and moral absolutism? Does the escalation of moral permissiveness reinforce the weakening of ties with religion? In which sectors of the society is the relationship between religion and morality manifesting more clearly?
Particular attention is paid to a few selected issues related to morality, especially in the context of social teaching of the Catholic Church; these issues indicate the scale of the increasing mutual distance between religion and morality in the minds of Poles (including Catholics). We take primarily the issue of the attitude of Poles to general moral principles (absolutism vs. relativism), then we focus on the issue of the declared justification of moral norms and attitudes towards Catholic morality. In our considerations on the relationship between religion and ethics, religion and morality, we refer to public opinion polls and sociological research. We are aware that their results are not always consistent with each other, sometimes clearly divergent. There are a variety of reasons for that, one of them being the fact that the results of polls are sometimes partly an effect of respondents’ giving answers which are rather intended to be socially “correct”, not necessarily to fully express respondents’ own convictions.
Keywords: religion, morality, public awareness, absolutism, relativism, moral principles of Catholicism

Remarks on “rituals of sacrifice” and performance art

We cannot mention the role of representations or rather appropriation of forms of ritual gestures in the space of contemporary art. There appear to be important in particular, references to the category of rites of sacrifice, symbolically encoded by neoawangardę especially the 60s and 70s, on the basis of clear statements and actions of Polish performance artists. “Ritual” and “performance” are the leading categories that namaściły, not only semantically, post-modernist vision of culture. However, as shown by numerous examples of performance art, the artists use this cultural pattern usually in order to resume a discussion on man, the role of the artist and the art in the era of the so-called liquid postmodernity, and to expose its demons. Performance artists repeatedly emphasized that performance cannot be a modern ritual in any sense because by its very nature it is opposed to any ritualisation. The purpose of artists of performance art has always been a manifestation of individuality and creative freedom and undermining any cultural stereotypes and clichés.
Keywords: ritual, ritualization, victimage mechanism, performance art, neo-avant-garde, Jerzy Bereś, Włodzimierz Borowski, Zbigniew Warpechowski

Ritual or ceremony? Reflections on wedding practises
in the context of changes in family and marriage life

This article is concerned about the problem of the wedding practises which has not been undertaken by sociologists yet. The Author of the article explains the changes of wedding practises which appeared when the traditional society converted into the modern and next the postmodern society. The transformation of a wedding as a ritual passage into a ceremony is presented in this article from the point of the chosen aspects of the changes in family and marriage life. These aspects are: the fall in the number of marriages, the changes in the age of newlyweds, the lower age of sexual initiation and the higher number of cohabitation relationships.
Keywords: wedding practises, ritual of passage, ceremony, changes in family and marriage life

Jeppe Sinding Jensen and anthropological discussions on ritual forward constructive reflection on religious ritual

The Author tries to explain in anthropological discourse the transition from the “subject” language to the interpretative one. The former is present in functional and structural anthropology, the latter in the interpretative one. The former indicates mainly an integrative function of ritual, the latter a creative one. From the functional and interpretative point of view a ritual makes religion visible and reduces ritual to product of human activity. That reduction does not concern the phenomenological perspective.
Keywords: ritual, myth, religion, hierophany, power, performance


Axiology of liberal and communitarian visions of civic society seen
from the perspective of Alfred Schutz's conception of motives for action

The aim of the article is to analyze the axiological foundations and purposes of social engagement in two directions in the reflection on civil society: the republican and liberal. The article seeks to answer the questions: what ideas of motives of contextual and goal-oriented citizen actions emerge from these two concepts of civil society? What values would create the constitutive elements of potential motives relating to the past as well as the objectives of the action in these discussed trends? What values would point to the goal of citizen engagement in a certain type of society? The analysis has been performed from the perspective and application of the concepts of sociology of understanding, and in particular Alfred Schütz’s concept of motivation to act. This discussion is supplemented with the specifics of civil societies in post-communist countries.
Keywords: civil society, motivations to act, axiological bases for action, sociology of understanding, axiological vacuum
Autor: Robert Kryński
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 04.02.2016, godz. 14:16 - Robert Kryński