Magdalena Marszał-Wiśniewska

Szkoła Wyższa Psychologii Społecznej

i Instytut Psychologii Polskiej Akademii Nauk

COGNITIVE EMOTION REGULATION STRATEGIES IN DIFFICULT LIFE SITUATIONS: THE MODIFYING ROLE OF TEMPERAMENTAL AND DEPRESSIVE PROPERTIES

 

The purpose of the present research was to answer two questions: 1) Do the type of difficult life situation (loss, failure) influence reported use of cognitive emotion regulation strategies?, and 2) How individual differences (temperamental traits and depressive tendencies) modify the frequency of use of those strategies in analyzed situations? One hundred thirty nine participants completed three questionnaires: 1) Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (two times with different instructions stimulating situations of loss and failure), 2) The Formal Characteristic of Behaviour - Temperament Inventory, and 3) Beck Depression Inventory. The results showed that a) use of nonadaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies is related with the type of difficult life situation - regardless of individual differences, nonadaptive strategies are used more frequently in a situation of loss (as compared with a situation of failure), b) temperamental traits modify reported use of specific cognitive emotion regulation strategies in analyzed difficult life situations, c) nonadaptive cognitive regulation strategies are used significantly more often by individuals with depressive tendencies than by the non-depressive. The results of this study don't support the hypothesis that people with depressive tendencies are stiff in using nonadaptive strategies in analyzed types of situations.

Autor: Ewelina Soszyńska
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 23.03.2007, godz. 13:24 - Ewelina Soszyńska