Agnieszka Borowiak, Piotr Szarota
Instytut Psychologii PAN
Szkoła Wyższa Psychologii Społecznej, Warszawa

CULTURE AND PSYCHOLOGY: A CASE OF EUROPE

Summary. One of the most often discussed topics in the recent years is the unification of Europe, although, at least in Poland, initial enthusiasm has been gradually replaced by skepticism. This change, in our view, is partly due to the fear of hegemony of the West, which might marginalize the local culture's values. Thus, the new strategy to promote European unification, should focus not oniy on similarities between Poland and other European nations, but also on diversity of European culture and coexistence of different traditions. In this paper we present psychological data demonstrating cultural similarities and differences between various national cultures of today Europe. Along with the cross-cultural studies by Hofstede (1980), Trompenaars (Smith, Dugan i Trompenaars, 1996) and Schwartz (1994) - representing so called „universalistic approach", we present studies by Boski (1999b) and Triandis (Triandis, Marin, Lisansky i Betancourt, 1984), as the examples of „relativistic approach" for studying psychology in cultural context. In our view only a relativistic approach offers a true, multidimensional picture of a local culture.
Autor: Ewelina Soszyńska
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 15.05.2007, godz. 18:47 - Ewelina Soszyńska