Elżbieta Dryll
Wydział Psychologii Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego

DADDY, FRIEND, KMICIC, POLICEMAN AND DOG:
IDENTIFICATION OF THE VOICES IN THE SUBJECT’S INTERNAL DIALOGUE

The multiplicity of the voices in the human mind reveals in various life circumstances. One of them is the internal discourse in the situation of solving a problem – „internal dialogue. ” The ability to carry out this dialogue is likely to belong to the competences associated with man’s non-learnt logical resources. Its content, however, has a social genesis, which this study aimed to prove. 50 young adults (of both sexes) who are still under the influence of their family of origin took part in the study. In the first phase the subjects were asked to solve six problems „thinking aloud”. Their reports were recorded and then played again. During playing their reports the subjects were asked to name the „internal voices” taking part in the process of analyzing the problem and making a decision. After two months the same problems were presented to them as topics for a discussion in their families. The subjects were to write scenarios of such discussions. In the gallery of the „internal voices” a crucial position was held by their parents. It was also them who expressed the opinions decisive for the chosen way of solving the problem. The „internal dialogue” and the scenario of the family discussion showed similarity with respect to the way of solving the problem, type of argumentation and the confidence showed while expressing opinions. These results suggest, in accordance with Lev Wygotsky’s or George Mead’s theories, that the multiplicity of voices in the human mind is a derivative of man’s participation in social interactions taking place within his/her basic socializing group (family).
Autor: Ewelina Soszyńska
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 09.03.2007, godz. 15:30 - Ewelina Soszyńska