Magdalena Marszał-Wiśniewska
EDUCATIONAL ANTECEDENTS OF STATE ORIENTATION: HOW IS POSSIBLE NOT TO DEVELOP STRONG WILL?

According to Kuhl’s theory (1985; 1994) the efficiency of volitional control (will power) depends on, among others, the way an individual is either action or state oriented. State oriented individuals are characterized by certain idleness (inertia in activity). They ruminate cognitively about past, present and future states. Because state orientation involves repetitive and dysfunctional focusing on some fixed aspects of the situation, it impedes the performance of an intention. This paper describes defining characteristics of state orientation and educational factors, derived from the Kuhl’s theory, that foster its formation. Presented by the Author research data show that in educational analyses of volitional control determinants it is necessary to account for such factors as (1) parent’ gender and connected with that specific parental role of a mother or father, (2) specific character of the discipline regime used by the parents (teachers or care-takers), (3) the type of activity (activities externally controlled vs. volitional, content category of intentions). The Author;s research showed that among others, inconsistent educational attitude of mother’s foster development of state orientation among their daughters, and that overly demanding educational attitude of mother’s increases the congruence between goals and their realization among their sons.
Autor: Ewelina Soszyńska
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 17.03.2007, godz. 11:24 - Ewelina Soszyńska