Karolina Krysińska
Instytut Psychologii PAN
Instytut Psychologii, Uniwersytet im. A. Mickiewicza, Poznań.
EMPATHY OF MEDICAL DOCTORS AND NURSES AND THEIR READINESS TO HELP PATIENTS WHO HAVE ATTEMPTED SUICIDE

Summary. This paper presents the results of rescarch on readiness of medical doctors and nurses to help parasuicide patients to solve problems that led to the suicidal attempt. 74 subjects (54 medical doctors and 20 nurses), divided into the experimental group (more frequent contact with parasuicides) and the control group (rare contact with parasuicides), took part in the study. Six hypotheses concerning the medical staffs
readiness to help were put forward on the basis of models of emotional and cognitive empathy and theories of helping behavior. These hypotheses were verified using seven case vignettes (descriptions of suicide attempts), an empathy scale (Interpersonal Reactivity Index) and scales measuring personal distress, empathic concern and readiness to help. The statistical analysis of data showed that higher dispositional emotional empathy and higher levels of situational empathic concern led to higher readiness to help. In some cases dispositional cognitive empathy, perceived controllability of the cause of a suicides attempt and situational personal distress increased the willingness to help. No relationship between the level of dispositional cognitive empathy and the
strength of situational empathic emotions, and the tendency to perceive the uncontrollable causes of suicidal behavior was found.
Autor: Ewelina Soszyńska
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 18.05.2007, godz. 16:24 - Ewelina Soszyńska