Kinga Piber-Dąbrowska
Szkoła Wyższa Psychologii Społecznej, Warszawa
Grzegorz Sędek
Instytut Psychologii PAN, Warszawa

ENCODING AND RETRIEVAL OF INFORMATION RELATED TO SOCIAL STEREOTYPE

Relying on schematic principles of memory, a number of researchers have argued that stereotypes act as filters that facilitate the encoding and retrieval of consistent relative to inconsistent information in memory. An important assumption of this model is that stereotypic filtering mechanisms are most likely to be observed when processing resources are limited. In this article we argue that a filter model of stereotypic mechanism is inaccurate in some important ways. We analyze and integrate the new researches that imply, that stereotypes facilitate, in different ways, the encoding and retrieval of both stereotype-consistent and stereotype-inconsistent information: whereas inconsistent information receives greater attention and perceptual encoding when resource are depleted the conceptual encoding and retrieval favor consistent information under such conditions.
Autor: Ewelina Soszyńska
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 09.03.2007, godz. 15:53 - Ewelina Soszyńska