Bogdan Zawadzki

Uniwersytet Warszawski*


FACTORS INFLUENCING THE POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER (PTSD) AMONG FLOOD VICTIMS: THE ROLE OF TRAUMA CHARACTERISTICS, LONG-LASTING MATERIAL FLOOD CONSEQUENCES AND EMOTIONAL REACTIVITY


The aim of the study was the analysis of factors influencing the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the group of 267 flood survivors (158 females and 109 males) of age from 14 to 75 years. Diagnosis of PTSD was obtained by Mississippi PTSD Scale on the basis of assessment in the early (3 months after the flood) and late phase (27 months after the flood). The following factors influencing PTSD were taken into account: the demographic variables (gender and age), temperamental emotional reactivity, trauma characteristics and long-lasting material flood consequences. The results showed that age of the victim, trauma characteristics and emotional reactivity are predictors of PTSD in early phase, but age, emotional reactivity and long-lasting flood consequences are predictors of PTSD in late phase (even when the diagnosis of PTSD in early phase were controlled in the model). The results suggest that personality traits as well as trauma descriptors should be taken into account in the analysis of factors influencing PTSD. In the discussion the importance of the longitudinal studies on trauma survivors was also underlined and both: quantitative (focused on PTSD symptoms intensity) as well as qualitative approaches (diagnosis of PTSD and its different forms), what leads to the complementary overview of the factors influencing PTSD.

Autor: Ewelina Soszyńska
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 23.03.2007, godz. 13:27 - Ewelina Soszyńska