Nadzieja i optymizm a intencja założenia własnej firmy

Instytut Psychologii Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski


Abstract. Entrepreneurship is a significant factor in a free-market economy; thus, it is important to understand the personal characteristics encouraging people to become entrepreneurs. Previous research on entrepreneurship as well as social-cognitive theories have guided hypotheses regarding the relationship between entrepreneurial beliefs and the entrepreneurial process. The study concentrates upon beliefs which can be associated with first stages of the entrepreneurial process: with goal commitment, and entrepreneurial intention. The role of three variables has been analysed: optimism, hope and basic hope. Using the Scheier, Carver, and Bridges’ LOT-R scale; the Snyder’s ADHS scale, and the Trzebinski and Zieba’s BHI-12 scale, data from 332 potential entrepreneurs attending an entrepreneurship preparation training were obtained. The findings suggest that the level of hope is a good predictor of the expectancy of attainment when creating a venture, the assessment of the goal importance and the readiness for an effort to achieve this goal. Optimism enables predicting the assessment of the success chance. Optimism and hope are also important predictors of the entrepreneurial intention.
Autor: Ewelina Soszyńska
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 18.05.2007, godz. 16:46 - Ewelina Soszyńska