Społeczeństwo i Rodzina

 

Nr 13 (4/2007) | październik listopad grudzień
 
 

ARTYKUŁY/ARTICLES

 

 

Ks. Marian Wolicki

Badania nad problemem nieświadomości w psychologii
Research on the Problem of Unawareness in Psychology
 

In diesem Artikel befasst sich der Verfasser mit dem Problem der Forschung des unbewussten psychischen Lebens bei Menschen, die in er Psychologie unternommen wurde. Er zeigt besonders die drei psychologischen Schulen, die sich mit diesem Problem befassten: die Psychoanalyse S. Freuds, die analytische Psychologie von C. G. Jung und Franklsche Existenzanalyse und Logotherapie. Der Psychoanalyse verdanken wir die Endeckung des unbewussten Lebens im Menschen. Freud hat das psychische Leben in drei Schichten geteilt: das Bewusste, das Vorbewusste und das Unbewusste. Das Verdienst der Jungschen Analytischen Psychologie ist die Entdeckung des kollektiven Unwebwussten. Und besonderer Beitrag der Franklschen Existenzanalyse und Logotherapie ist die Betonung des geistigen Unbewussten.

 

 

Anna Witkowska-Paleń

Przemoc w rodzinie. Na przykładzie dozorów kuratorskich nad osobami skazanymi za znęcanie się nad rodziną
Domestic Violence Forms, Participants and the Phenomenon's Factors. The Theoretical-Empirical Study Based on the Ground of the Probation Officer's Supervisions over Offenders Who Use Violence in a Family
 

Family violence is one of more importance problem in society. In Poland, every fifth family may suffer from domestic violence. In society, there is at least implicitly some approval and support for the use of violence in the home against wife or children. In the first part, this article treat of family violence and its forms (such as physical, psychical, sexual violence). It show who are usually perpetrator and victim of this act and explain, why most of this crimes, are not disclosed. In the second part, this article undertake the problem of family violence on the ground of the probation officer's supervisions over offenders, who use violence in family. It treat about eleven supervisions and base on documents, observation and notes, assembled by the present writer, who has been working as a voluntary probation officer.

 

 
Justyna Truskolaska

Biologiczne i społeczne przyczyny trudności i niepowodzeń szkolnych uczniów
Biological and Social Reasons of Pupils' Difficulties and School Failures
 

The aim of the article is the presentation both traditional and the newest data referring to biological and social reasons of pupils' difficulties and school failures. The fundamental definitions are explained, especially the most misunderstood ones - didactic and educational difficulties, educational retardation and school failure, as well as dyslexia, dysgraphia, dysortography, dyscalculia, etc. Afterwards the theories of their origin are described. Attention is paid to biological and social theories which distinguish various factors that are the source of above mentioned problems. The article doesn't refer to kinds and ways of prevention and therapy of disorders under discussion.

 

 

Zbigniew Narecki

Świadectwo ewangelizacyjne współczesnej parafii
Evangelizing Testimony of the Contemporary Parish
 

Our considerations are summed up by the truth about the ecclesial nature of deaconship, that is based on the theological conception of the Church of the Community. Implementing this idea should be the constant task of both the priests and lay people in the parish, where the family as well as the Eucharistic community ‘concentrating' other subjects, constitute the central structure. As practice teaches, the initiatives that undertake work with these groups are usually likely to succeed. Otherwise, too much institutionalization in the parish may lead to stifling the evangelizing work, or even to its utter death. Even the most efficient charitable pastorate cannot fulfill the tasks that are fulfilled by group structures, styles and methods of the family-community type that deaconship consists of. It would be a misunderstanding to assign these tasks only to some people if one is conscious of the fact that charity should be dispensed by each Christian. The role of pastorate is to manage this communal vocation of evangelizers in the parish.

 

 

Bogdan Więckiewicz

Wiedza religijna mieszkańców parafii pod wezwaniem Matki Bożej Królowej Polski w Sandomierzu
The Religious Knowledge of Citizens in the Area of Parish of the Virgin Mary Queen of Poland in Sandomierz
 

The publication presents the religious knowledge of citizens in the area of parish of the Virgin Mary Queen of Poland in Sandomierz on the basis of two indicators: religious convictions and religious knowledge. Nowadays the religious knowledge has very special meaning particularly that there are lots of secularism and laicization events. The results of analysis show that the religious knowledge doesn't depend on somebody's age or sex. From the other hand high-educated people have the highest level of this knowledge. In general it was found that the level of religious knowledge of respondents is mean. Whereas religious convictions are not diversified by age, sex or education. It looks like changes observed tend towards three courses: deepening of traditional religiosity, shaping of subjective and individual religiosity or towards the transformation from belief dogmas to the internal attitude of respondents.

 

 

Teresa Zbyrad

Konsekwencje stresu i wypalenia zawodowego pracowników socjalnych
Consequences of Stress and Professional Burn-Out of Welfare Workers
 

The specificity of the social work brings with itself the risk of stress, and in effect the professional burn-out. The object of the article is paying the attention on sources of the stress of welfare workers and phenomenon of burn-out as one of the consequences of professional stress. The article revolves also round the consequences of the stress and professional burn-out of welfare workers. Negative results of the stress and professional burn-out concern as the individual sphere, e.g. worsened state of the health, as the social one, e.g. contribute to the dehumanization of relations among the worker and the customer, and make difficult the realization of the social work's aims.

 

 

Jan T. Mróz

Osobowość nauczyciela w warunkach rozwoju technologicznego i informacyjnego
Teacher's Personality in Conditions of Technological and Informative Progress
 

In the introduction of his article the author reveals positive and negative impact of media towards human being, especially young one. This influence extends on personality, values, attitudes, style of life. An important role of teachers in recognizing good and wrong sides of multimedia was also showed. In the next paragraph was introduced what features, skills and professional qualifications should have at his disposal contemporary teacher, being able to take up present-days challenges successfully. This issue was discussed from two perspectives. The first one - through the prism some postulates of action for offices educating teachers in order to possessing needed skills and qualifications. The second one - through the prism of features already working teachers, seen by pupils', parents' and teachers' eyes. On the ground depicted statements in this subject the author referred to perceiving of teachers by youth first half of twentieth century and concluded that certain universal advantages of teacher seem to be eternal. In the last part of elaboration was underlined that looking at on that who should be a teacher from whole perspective - you mustn't omit features connected with character, will, superficiality, temperament, general and emotional intelligence as well as professional competence. These qualities in the light plenty of researches are universal and permanent, so the picture of present-day teacher one should bring up-to-date and complete about new skills and qualifications connected with time in which he fulfils his mission. At the same time, this picture shouldn't be replaced new one, what would be rejection of this what is the past and up to now.

 

 

Piotr T. Nowakowski

Dokumenty dotyczące etyczności pracowników akademickich
Documents Referring to Ethics of University Teachers
 

Nowadays the opinions about erosion of academic ethos can be perceived in Poland. One of the responses to this problem is intensive activity of particular academic environments in defining ethical canons admitted as formally accepted in the environment. Author of the article describes the attempts of codifying the standards of academic teachers' work that have rather all-Polish character. In the next step he refers to the set of norms established by local academic environments. Afterwards the arguments of opponents and advocates of documents under discussion are presented. Finally, the author - who rather appreciates the value of above mentioned undertakings - states that they are particularly useful for young scientists who are on the stage of forming their academic spine.

 

 

Catherine Dean

Rola ludzkiej wolności w rozwoju cnót (tekst w języku angielskim)
The Role of Human Freedom in the Development of the Virtues
 

Autorka artykułu bada rolę ludzkiej wolności w rozwoju cnót i formowaniu charakteru. W pierwszym rzędzie ujmuje człowieka jako całość, ażeby zrozumieć, kim on jest i jak funkcjonuje. W dalszej kolejności zastanawia się nad naturą ludzkiej wolności i określa, w jaki sposób przyczynia się ona do rozwoju osoby. Następnie analizuje naturę cnót i ich wzrostu, by potem przejść do omówienia wychowania cnót jako tożsamego z wychowaniem do wolności. Aby rozwijać cnoty, każdy człowiek musi podjąć się tego zadania osobiście, zdobywając samodzielnie te dobre właściwości poprzez pracę nad własną wolnością. Ludzka wolność wpływa na proces rozwoju cnót i w ten sposób przyczynia się do formowania charakteru. Osoba, która pragnie swobodnie rozwijać cnoty, musi wiedzieć, czym one są w swej istocie i musi ją pociągać ich dobro. Tym samym uczestniczy w kształceniu swego charakteru.

 

 

RECENZJE/REVIEWS

 

 

Edward Balawajder


O sekularyzacji, desekularyzacji i globalizacji (rec.: Janusz Mariański, Sekularyzacja i desekularyzacja w nowoczesnym świecie, Wydawnictwo KUL, Lublin 2006, stron: 227)
About Secularization, Desecularization and Globalization (review of Janusz Mariański, Sekularyzacja i desekularyzacja w nowoczesnym świecie, Wydawnictwo KUL, Lublin 2006, pages: 227)

 

 

Paweł Krydziński


Biografia biskupa Leona Wetmańskiego (rec.: ks. Andrzej Gretkowski, Błogosławiony Biskup Leon Wetmański (1886-1941), Wydawnictwo Naukowe NOVUM, Płock 2006, stron: 508)
Biography of Bishop Leon Wetmański (review of Andrzej Gretkowski, Błogosławiony Biskup Leon Wetmański (1886-1941), Wydawnictwo Naukowe NOVUM, Płock 2006, pages: 508)

 

 

SPRAWOZDANIA I KOMUNIKATY/REPORTS AND ANNOUNCEMENTS

 

 

Magdalena Pyter


Konferencja w Trewirze
Conference in Trier

 

 

Piotr T. Nowakowski


Konferencja w Hamburgu
Conference in Hamburg

Autor: Rafał Olko
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 27.07.2013, godz. 01:01 - Mirosław Rewera