Społeczeństwo i Rodzina

 

Nr 16 (3/2008) | lipiec sierpień wrzesień
 
 

Przedmowa/Foreword

(ks. Roman B. Sieroń)

 

 

ARTYKUŁY/ARTICLES

 


Zbigniew Narecki
Apostolat rodziny w parafii
Apostolate of Family in a Parish

 

Questions concerning the apostolate of the family ad extra that have been discussed up till now are of crucial importance for the ‘new evangelization.' They are especially meaningful and topical in the present Polish circumstances. Both the forms and the methods that serve them deserve support and continuation, although rightful and equal interpenetration of apostolate and pastorate remains the most important way of revival of the religious family and parish as well as of their apostolic mission. The beginning of this revival in the spirit of the ‘new evangelization' is - with simultaneously revealing the fundamental dimension of theology of family - awakening apostolic activity of families by earnestly presenting integral connections of apostolate with genuinely experienced Christianity. Forming communities based on family life, engaging already existing structures, as well as constant and more versatile intensifying cooperation bonds between the apostolate of the laymen and the pastor will be an important development of the work. Both laity and clergy must join in the process of achieving these aims. God's grace received through various channels will then support realization of the goals; by numerous difficulties and troubles of Poles' contemporary life, experience, ‘honest conscience,' ‘sense of faith' and personal sainthood of Christians and their families are supposed to guide one towards this aim. So the indicated problems demand taking initiatives in many fields, both in the sphere of theory and, mainly, of practice.

 

 

Bogdan Więckiewicz


W trosce o naród polski - Roman Dmowski i Stefan Wyszyński
Care of Polish Nation: Roman Dmowski and Stefan Wyszyński


The article is about two remarkable polish persons for whose care about polish nation lots was the first priority of social life. At the beginning there is the definition of the nation term and its meaning for every populace. The first part is about Roman Dmowski and his deliberations about the nation. There is the characteristic of main issues of polish nation in an age of sovereignty loss and its features both merits and defects and also the vision of things that should be done in the future. The second part describes primate Stefan Wyszyński's deliberations about the nation. There is the special attention paid on rights that belong to every nation. Someone can read about very important issues in the life and the survival of the nation. It is its history, culture and also the family - the basic social group of the nation.

 

 

Małgorzata Kutyła


Postawy lekarzy wobec wybranych aspektów etyki lekarskiej
Medics' Attitudes towards Selected Aspects of Medical Ethics

 

The aim of this study was to show medics' attitudes towards selected aspects of medical ethics. This article is a result of sociological research conducted among medics employed in hospital services. Medics were asked about their attitude towards life, suffering, illness and death. Moreover, respondents were asked to take a stance on the matter of the death penalty and euthanasia. Attitudes towards selected aspects of medical ethic are dependent on sex, length of service and kind of specialization.

 

 

Marek Klimek


Samorząd terytorialny na ziemiach polskich podczas zaborów
Local Self-Government in Poland during the Period of the Partitions of Poland

 

The contemporary local self-government appeared for the first time in the second half of the nineteenth century in the times of occupation. Its scope and political structure were introduced by the intruders from Prussia, Austria and Russia by force. Mainly in the lands governed by Russia and Prussia, local self-government was obliged to comply with the rules of the occupiers. On the other hand, the autonomy of Galicia was able to supply Polish citizens with the variety of self-reliance and the access to plenty of self-government institutions. In spite of the obstacles used in the occupation era, local self-government was a kind of substitute for the Polish state and allowed to solve ‘own' problems in minimal range.

 

 

Adesoji A. Oni


Wpływ poziomu kształcenia na świadomość uczniów dotyczącą HIV/AIDS oraz przeciwdziałanie temu zjawisku w Nigerii (tekst w języku angielskim)
The Influence of Levels of Education on Students' Awareness and Prevention of HIV/AIDS in Nigeria

 

Artykuł prezentuje wyniki badań dotyczących wpływu poziomu kształcenia na świadomość uczniów w zakresie HIV/AIDS oraz przeciwdziałanie temu zjawisku w Nigerii. 450 respondentów (230 chłopców i 220 dziewcząt) wylosowano spośród ośmiu losowo wybranych publicznych szkół średnich w rejonie Agege. Do badań użyto 78-punktowy kwestionariusz, a w celu weryfikacji sześciu hipotez zastosowano t-test statistics. Uzyskane wyniki wskazują, że poziom kształcenia uczniów - zarówno w młodszych, jak i w starszych szkołach średnich - nie miał w zasadzie wpływu na ich świadomość dotyczącą HIV/AIDS. Autor podsumował, że publiczne, jak i prywatne szkoły w Nigerii powinny poczuć się bardziej odpowiedzialne za doprowadzenie do tego, by młodzi ludzie zrozumieli naturę plagi HIV/AIDS oraz potrzebę konkretnych działań, które należy podjąć w celu zabezpieczenia się przed zarażeniem.

 

 

Piotr T. Nowakowski


Sportowe pisma dla młodzieży: refleksja pedagogiczna
Young People's Sports Magazines: Pedagogic Reflection

 

Author describes young people's sports magazines from a pedagogic perspective. He characterizes especially to two well-known titles: Bravo Sport and Giga Sport. The target of the first one are boys at the age of 15-19, and of the second one: youth at the age of 12-18. Author concludes that the magazines under discussion were certainly not created for the noble purpose of realization of educational function; nevertheless one shouldn't a priori write them off because, generally speaking, they are not harmful to young people, and sometimes may be even a source of inspiration for working on oneself and exceeding one's limitations; when the opportunity arises, a young sports enthusiast may learn something valuable from one or the other article. All the same, it seems that in this market segment one can find place for a title having higher aspirations and greater pedagogic intuition.

 

 

Miroslav Gejdoš


Zarys zjawiska wychowania zinterpretowany przez pryzmat samowychowania wolnej i odpowiedzialnej osobowości
An outline of upbringing phenomenon interpreted from point of view self-upbringing of free and responsible personality

 

 

Antoni Magdoń


Bankowy Fundusz Gwarancyjny - teraźniejszość i przyszłość
The Bank Guarantee Fund - the Present and the Future

 

The Bank Guarantee Fund is an institution that guarantees the deposits of the polish banks. What's more, it helps banks endangered by bankruptcy. It was established by virtue of the law about the Bank Guarantee Fund from the 14th of December 1994. The basic principles of the Fund are (among others) the following:
- guaranteeing financial resources gathered in the banks participating in the compulsory guaranteeing system,
- giving financial help to banks endangered by the loss of solvency and supporting the consolidation of endangered banks with strong bank entities,
- gathering and analyzing information about banks participating in the guaranteeing system.
The hierarchy of importance of the mentioned tasks has been changing depending on the situation of the bank system. From 1995 to 1996 it was of paramount importance to efficiently fulfill commitments customers of the insolvent banks. In the years that followed it became crucial to eliminate the reasons that might lead to the bankruptcy of banks.

 

 

Antoni Magdoń


Gwarancja jako dodatkowe zabezpieczenie wierzytelności banków
Guarantee as an Additional Protection of the Receivables of Bank

 

In order to additional loan protection bank can take bank guarantee or guarantee of some other subject of rights. Guarantee agreement has obliging character and performs protective function. A bank guarantee is a guarantee made by a bank on behalf of a customer (usually an established corporate customer) in case it fails to deliver the payment, essentially making the bank a co-signer for one of its customer's purchases. A guarantee is a written contract stating that in the case that the borrower is unable or unwilling to pay its debt to a merchant, the bank will act as a guarantor and step in to pay that debt. Having a bank guarantee, a client can default and the bank assumes the liability. The bank guarantee is like a potential credit and that's way the procedure of granting the guarantee is similar to the credit one. A bank guarantee enables the customer (debtor) to acquire goods, buy equipment, or draw down loans, and thereby expand business activity. Effectiveness of bank guarantee depends on many different factors, among others on financial conditions of bank - guarantor, conditions of guarantee contract and obligation date.

 

 

Antoni Magdoń


Przekształcenia i teraźniejszość sektora bankowości spółdzielczej w Polsce - analiza na podstawie przepisów regulujących działalność banków
Transformations and the Present Situation of Cooperative Banking in Poland - Analysis Based on Banking Regulations

 

Now in Poland cooperative banks tend to consolidate in order to increase the average, basic values (balance sum, prime funds). Consequently, this sector will be by far less diversified than the sector of the commercial banks. Cooperative banks are transforming into a classic, homogeneous group of powerful local banks, known in the countries of the European Union, which supply the bank system with funds. The gained stabilization of the situation of cooperative banking enables the consideration of the further directions of the development of this financial sector, which is vital due to fact that the growing expectations of the customers, requirements of the regulations and pressure of the competitive surrounding will pose an increasingly tough challenge to cooperative banks.

 


Magdalena E. Ruszel


Czynniki warunkujące powstawanie zaburzeń psychicznych u dzieci i młodzieży
Factors Leading to Psychic Disorders of Children and Youth

 

This article describes different groups of factors which can lead to psychic disorders at children and youths. We can indicate among them biological factors and psycho-social ones. The second are connected with: family, social environment of the child, its upbringing, free time as well as social conditions of existence of the family, parents' values and norms, also their job.

 

 

Magdalena Makowska


Prokreacja i rodzicielstwo jako wartości w planach życiowych młodzieży akademickiej
Procreation and Parenthood as Values in the Life Plans of University Students

 

The paper discusses current transformations of marriage and family life. The author focuses on such issues as transformations in the realization of procreative potential, professional activity of women and the change of their position within the family, changes concerning the position of man within the family, as well as changing attitudes towards children and parenthood. This general discussion of the various aspects of the problem becomes the background for the author's presentation of the partial results of empirical research conducted on a sample of 96 university students of the 5th (final) year of graduate studies covering such issues as university students' procreative plans and their vision of parenthood, as well as young women's declarations concerning motherhood. Analysis of research results has confirmed that university students still identify with traditional values while at the same time they have developed a number of new patterns of behaviour.

 


Justyna Przybyło-Szlachta


System edukacyjny i reformy oświaty w Polsce w latach 1945-1990
Education System and Its Reforms in Poland in the Years 1945-1990

 

Education system of Polish People's Republic was described in the article. Several education reforms were made in that period. The author analyzes their results and the changes it caused in Polish education.

 


RECENZJE/REVIEWS

 

 

Piotr Chmielowiec


Pierwsza biografia biskupa Edwarda Frankowskiego (rec. Joanna Kopacz i Bogusław Kopacz, Biskup Solidarności Edward M. Frankowski, Zarząd Regionu Ziemia Sandomierska NSZZ „Solidarność", Stalowa Wola 2007, stron: 206, wkładka ze zdjęciami - stron: 52)
The First Biography of Bishop Edward Frankowski (review of Joanna Kopacz and Bogusław Kopacz, Bishop of Solidarity Edward M. Frankowski, Zarząd Regionu Ziemia Sandomierska NSZZ „Solidarność", Stalowa Wola 2007, pages: 206, photos inset - pages: 52)

 

 

ks. Jacek Kucharski


Pedagogiczny przewodnik życia duchowego (rec. Ignacio Larrañaga, Ukaż mi swoje oblicze. Pogłębienie wewnętrznej relacji z Bogiem, tłum. E. Krzemińska, Edycja Świętego Pawła, Częstochowa 2008, stron: 470)
Pedagogic Guide of Spiritual Life (review of Ignacio Larrañaga, Ukaż mi swoje oblicze. Pogłębienie wewnętrznej relacji z Bogiem, transl. E. Krzemińska, Edycja Świętego Pawła, Częstochowa 2008, pages: 470)

 

 

Anna Witkowska-Paleń


O dewiacjach kobiet i nieletnich dziewcząt (rec. Irena Pospiszyl i Renata Szczepanik [red.], Zachowania dewiacyjne dziewcząt i kobiet, Wyższa Szkoła Humanistyczno-Ekonomiczna, Łódź 2007, stron: 279)
About Deviation of Women and Under-Age Girls (review of Irena Pospiszyl and Renata Szczepanik [Eds.], Zachowania dewiacyjne dziewcząt i kobiet, Wyższa Szkoła Humanistyczno-Ekonomiczna, Łódź 2007, pages: 279)

 


SPRAWOZDANIA I KOMUNIKATY/REPORTS AND ANNOUNCEMENTS

 

 

Teresa Zbyrad


Fascynacja karierą zawodową a życie rodzinne? Dylematy młodych ludzi
Fascination for a Career or Family Life? Dilemmas of Young People

 

 

Anna Witkowska-Paleń


Konferencja we Lwowie
Conference in Lviv

 

 

Mirosław Rewera


Społeczeństwo konsumpcyjne: uwarunkowania społeczne i kulturowe
Consumerist Society: Social and Cultural Determinants

 

 

Piotr T. Nowakowski


Konferencja w mieście braterskiej miłości
Conference in the City of Brotherly Love

 

 

Planowane konferencje/Planned Conferences

 

 

NOTY O AUTORACH/NOTES ABOUT THE AUTHORS

 

 

CONTENTS

Autor: Rafał Olko
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 24.07.2013, godz. 18:28 - Mirosław Rewera