ARTYKUŁY/ARTICLES


  

Hubert SUSZEK (2007). Różnorodność wielości Ja // Varieties of self-multiplicity. Roczniki Psychologiczne // Annals of Psychology, 10, 2, 7-37.

 

Summary: Many contemporary theorists have proposed that the self is not unitary but multifaceted, composed of aspects, subselves, or subpersonalities. Individuals differ in the number of their subselves and their self-complexity. The paper introduces the theories which take into account the pluralism of both the self-as-known and the self-as-knower. These theories come mostly from social psychologists, personality psychologists and psychotherapists. The most commonly proposed types of self-subsystems are discussed. The paper also describes possible processes through which differentiated self-conceptualizations are organized and integrated.

Key words: self-concept, self-multiplicity, multiple selves, self-complexity, self-variability, self-pluralism, dialogical self, subpersonalities, dissociation, polypsychism, integration.


 

Małgorzata DRAGAN (2007). Współwystępowanie zaburzenia po stresie traumatycznym i zaburzeń związanych z używaniem substancji psychoaktywnych // Co-morbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder and substance abuse disorders. Roczniki Psychologiczne // Annals of Psychology, 10, 2, 39-55.

 

Summary: This article discusses the problem of co-morbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance abuse disorders. The author presents a review of epidemiological studies and theoretical conceptualizations on co-occurrence of PTSD and alcohol and drug abuse or dependence. In addition, a review of studies which explore the nature of the relationship between PTSD and substance abuse disorders is presented.

Key words: traumatic events, PTSD, substance/alcohol use disorders, co-morbidity, attendant mental disorders.


  

Anna M. ZIÓŁKOWSKA (2007). Symulowanie zaburzeń pamięci: natura, geneza i wykrywanie za pomocą testów neuropsychologicznych // Simulation of memory impairment: The nature, origin and detection with neuropsychological tests. Roczniki Psychologiczne // Annals of Psychology, 10, 2, 57-74.

 

Summary: This article discusses the problem of co-morbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance abuse disorders. The author presents a review of epidemiological studies and theoretical conceptualizations on co-occurrence of PTSD and alcohol and drug abuse or dependence. In addition, a review of studies which explore the nature of the relationship between PTSD and substance abuse disorders is presented.

Key words: traumatic events, PTSD, substance/alcohol use disorders, co-morbidity, attendant mental disorders.


  

Justyna OLSZEWSKA (2007). Wiedza i wyobraźnia a zjawisko fałszywej pamięci // Knowledge and imagination, and the false memories phenomenon. Roczniki Psychologiczne // Annals of Psychology, 10, 2, 75-87.

 

Summary: The purpose of this study was to verify whether imaginative vs. non-imaginative conditions are crucial for creating false memories, particularly in a situation in which people try to separate current information from their general knowledge. At present, many researches studying memory, focus on the false memories phenomenon. The studies concerning episodic memory suggest the influence of imagination when one tries to implement never-happened events into memory (Pezdek, Hodge, 1999; Hyman, Pentland, 1996). The article reports results of 2 experiments. Experiment 1 concerned the process of information recall whereas experiment 2 - recognition. In each experiment two instructions - imaginative and non-imaginative were used both on the level of reading and answering questions concerning current information. The context of general knowledge was created by text 1 and the current information was delivered by a contents-related text 2. However, text 2 did not contain explicit information and participants were asked to read it only once. The results have shown the influence of the imaginative vs. non-imaginative instruction on memorizing current information. Moreover, the differences between the recall and the recognition groups were demonstrated. This study showed that imaginative vs. non-imaginative instruction affects false memories creation, especially when we try to separate the general knowledge from current information.

Key words: memory, imagination, recall, recognition.


  

Grzegorz WIĄCEK, Andrzej SĘKOWSKI (2007). Powodzenie w kształceniu integracyjnym a wybrane zmienne psychospołeczne - weryfikacja modelu teoretycznego // Efectiveness of inclusive education and selected psychosocial factors - verification of a theoretical model. Roczniki Psychologiczne // Annals of Psychology, 10, 2, 98-111.

 

Summary: There is still too little research done in the field of inclusive education. Effectiveness is one of important characteristics of this kind of education, research on which can lead to its' organisational and practical improvement. In this article a verification of the theoretical model of correlates of effectiveness in inclusive education is presented. The model is based on a system approach to inclusive education's effectiveness, and there are three areas of potential correlates included in the model - the class environment, the family environment, and the pupil's person. Our study undertaken to verify the model covered 13 inclusive classes. Pupils, teachers and parents were all included in this research. The results provide supporting empirical evidence for the system approach in measuring effectiveness of inclusive education, as well as its correlates. The obtained empirical model was found to comprise all aspects of the effectiveness concept and all areas of its factors assumed in the theoretical model. However, not all of the assumed psychosocial variables turned out to be significant correlates of the effectiveness.

Key words: inclusive education, effectiveness, psychosocial correlates.


  

Katarzyna KNOPP (2007). Inteligencja emocjonalna a temperament studentów oraz postawy rodzicielskie ich matek i ojców // Temperamental and familial factors in emotional intelligence. Roczniki Psychologiczne // Annals of Psychology, 10, 2, 113-133.

 

Summary: The starting point for this study was an assumption that emotional intelligence develops as a result of the individual's own activity. This activity, however, is determined to a considerable degree by temperament as well as by influence of family environment - mainly by parental attitudes. Windle's and Lerner's DOTS-R inventory in the Polish adaptation (by Strelau, Zawadzki and Śliwińska), Roe and Siegelman's PCR inventory in the Polish adaptation (by Kowalski) and two tests by Matczak, Piekarska and Studniarek were utilized in this study. The results showed that a positive correlation existed between emotional intelligence and positive mood, flexibility and rhythmic of sleep. Furthermore, in the group of women, significant positive correlations were observed of emotional intelligence and approaching and rhythmic of everyday habits. In the group of men, emotional intelligence correlated negatively with general level of activity. Emotional intelligence was also found to correlate with certain parental attitudes (mainly with love and reject). In this respect, different correlation patterns were observed for men and women. In women, a negative correlation was observed between emotional intelligence and intensity of the liberal attitude of mothers, whereas in men emotional intelligence correlated negatively with the protecting attitude of fathers.

Key words: emotional intelligence, temperament, family environment, parental attitudes.


  

Alicja GROCHOWSKA (2007). Temperament a reakcje na reklamy stymulujące // Temperament and reactions to stimulating advertisements. Roczniki Psychologiczne // Annals of Psychology, 10, 2, 135-159.

 

Summary: Works of art, literature, architecture, music and advertisements can all be analysed and studied with regard to their stimulating value. Formal and semantic properties of such objects can elicit arousal. In this study the associations of Extraversion, Neuroticism and Psychoticism as conceptualised by Eysenck (and measured by EPQ-R) with response to stimulating (erotic) press advertisements were examined. Three print ads were presented to 95 students. Physiological responses (EDA amplitude, pulse frequency and respiration maximal amplitude) were registered and analysed by the computer polygraph system Lafayette LX-3000W. Cognitive assessments were reported by the participants on semantic differentials. The results showed that stimulating ads elicited stronger physiological arousal in introverts and neurotics than in extraverts and emotionally stable participants. Positive cognitive assessments of stimulating ads were observed in emotionally stable introverts, neurotic extraverts and low psychotic introverts.

Key words: temperament, emotions, advertisement.

Autor: Stanisław Sarek
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 10.03.2013, godz. 16:38 - Karol Juros