ARTICLES // ARTYKUŁY


 

 

Jesús García MARTÍNEZ, Francisco J. CANO-GARCÍA, Luis RODRÍGUEZ- FRANCO, Milagros BUERO-GALLEGO, Elísabet ALCOCER-GÓMEZ, Rafael GUERRERO-GÓMEZ (2009). Linking Traits and Personal Constructs: An Exploratory Study throughout Levels of Personality // Łączenie cech i konstruktów osobistych. Eksploracyjne studium poziomów osobowości Roczniki Psychologiczne // Annals of Psychology, 12, 1, 57-80.

 

Summary: This article presents a preliminary study of links between personal constructs and traits. The conceptual framework for this study is the domains of personality model postulated by McAdams (1995) and McAdams & Pals (2006), and we tried to find concomitances between variables of two different levels, the dispositional level and the identity level. A repertory grid and the NEO-FFI inventory were distributed to a total of 273 individuals, 146 representing the general population, and 137 having pathologies. By applying an exploratory design ex post facto in which Pearson's correlations and ANOVAs were used, we found associations between the content of the constructs used and the traits. The neuroticism trait was most closely related to the content of the constructs. There were also clear associations between construct structure and scores on traits. Neurotic subjects were more rigid, whereas agreeable and conscientious subjects were more complex. However, the type of sample (normal or pathological) is a basic modulator of the relationships between constructs and traits.

Key Words: Personality, Levels of Personality, Traits, Personal Constructs, Big Five Model, Repertory Grid Technique, McAdams' Model, Implicative Dilemmas.

 


 

 

Piotr B. JAROSZ, Adam BIELA (2009). Use of Stereotype Content Model in Describing Work Groups in Poland // Wykorzystanie Stereotype Content Model (SCM) w opisie grup zawodowych w Polsce Roczniki Psychologiczne // Annals of Psychology, 12, 1, 81-96.

 

Summary: In this study, the Stereotype Content Model was used to determine if work related out-group traits represented on Competence and Warmth dimensions would be helpful in describing Polish work groups and potential interactions that may occur between them. The study was performed on a group of 98 participants. Taken that the Stereotype Content Model is based on stereotypes within intergroup function and analyzing this study results in the conclusion that by using the The SCM, it is possible to effectively describe and observe out-group interactions in the Polish work environment.

Key Words: Stereotype Content Model, SCM, Polish sample, prejudice, discrimination, stereotypes.

 


 

 

Gavin J. FAIRBAIRN (2009). Suicide, Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia: When People Choose to Die, Does It Matter What We Call It? // Samobójstwo, samobójstwo wspomagane i eutanazja. Czy ważne jest, jak nazwiemy to, że ludzie postanawiają umrzeć? Roczniki Psychologiczne // Annals of Psychology, 12, 1, 97-120.

 

Summary: In this article, I raise some questions about two human phenomena—suicide and euthanasia, in which people choose to die, and take steps to arrange their deaths. I am concerned with these phenomena at three levels:

·With the language that we use to describe and talk about them.

·With the ways in which the words we use impact on how we relate to those who wish for death or who act in ways that suggest that they do, even if they don't.

·With some ethical issues that arise in relation to them.

I begin with a discussion of the impoverished language and conceptual landscape of suicide and suicidal self harm, and suggest that this poverty of language is unhelpful, because it frequently leads to the mislabelling of deliberate self-harming and apparently self-harming acts. Through discussion of some problems with the current language, and of some real and hypothetical stories about suicide and acts that resemble suicide, but are distinct from it, I introduce some new ways of thinking about and labelling these most distressing of human phenomena.

Later, I turn to the way in which the term 'assisted suicide' has begun to be used to label 'arranged deaths' that are more properly referred to as 'euthanasia'. Nowadays, in many countries, including mine, more and more people not only want to have the opportunity to decide on the time of their dying, but want to arrange their deaths with the blessing of the legal system. The wishes of these people are important, because they concern the balance between life and death; between suffering and release; between care and its lack; between the public good and the private will, and between liberty and constraint. Most discussions of 'assisted suicide' and euthanasia focus on particular cases in which people wish to die, or on the way in which 'arranged deaths'— whatever we call them—are viewed and treated legally in different countries. By contrast, I say a little about the reasons for the growing popularity of the term 'assisted suicide'. En route I try to answer the question 'When people choose to die, does it matter what we call it?' I end with some comments about suicide, euthanasia and human dignity.

Key Words: suicide, language, cosmic roulette, gestured suicide, ethics, euthanasia, 'assisted suicide', human dignity.

Autor: Stanisław Sarek
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 17.01.2013, godz. 17:50 - Karol Juros