Emilia SOROKO (2013). Self -narrative analysis methods in clinical diagnosis: The example of paranoid personality disorder. Annals of Psychology, 16, 1, 37-62 .


Summary: The article is aimed at presenting the usability of some aspects of self-narrative analysis in clinical diagnosis. Clinical diagnosis concerns not only the identification of nosological categories, me­chanisms of psychopathology, or etiology, but also familiarity with patients' self-experience. It is assumed that the patient's narrative is a psychological phenomenon in itself; it is a way of con­struing and re-experiencing his or her disorder. Therefore, self-narrative analysis is expected to lead to an understanding of how psychopathology is construed in language. As the leading theoretical approach, the model of narrative development proposed by Salvatore, Dimaggio, & Semerari (2004) was chosen. In order to illustrate narrative analysis, examples of paranoid personality self-narrative accounts are presented.

Keywords: paranoid personality disorder, clinical diagnosis, self-narrative, analysis of narratives, narrative psychology.


Jan CHODKIEWICZ, Ewa GRUSZCZYŃSKA (2013). Changes in well-being, self-efficacy, and coping strategies during residential treatment of alcohol-addicted patients. Annals of Psychology, 16, 1, 85-105.


Summary: The aim of the study was to answer the question about changes in self-efficacy, coping strategies, and well-being during residential alcohol addiction psychotherapy. Correlations between these changes were also explored. The participants were 60 patients of a specialized alcohol addiction treatment center attending structural-strategic residential group therapy. Self-efficacy, well-being (two indicators: satisfaction with life and depression), and coping strategies (four indicators: problem-focused, emotion-focused, and meaning-focused strategies plus seeking social support) were assessed twice: at admission and then at the end of the treatment, i.e., six weeks later. The tools used for this purpose were, respectively: Schwarzer et al.'s Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), Diener et al.'s Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and Gruszczyñska's Coping Questionnaire (KRS). The results of bivariate latent growth curve analysis with bootstrapping show a decrease in depression as well as an increase in strategies focused on problem, on meaning, and on seeking social support. All these changes were positively correlated, which indicates that the intensification of coping is connected with a decrease in depression. Additionally, pretest coping intensity was shown to moderate changes in satisfaction with life, which increased only in the "low copers" group. For the remaining variables, significant interindivi­dual variances were found regarding both the starting points and the rates of change. Thus, results indicate the need for analyzing changes during treatment from two perspectives: in terms of group means and in terms of variance around these means, which capture interindividual variability in the change process.

Keywords: therapy, alcohol addiction, changes, well-being, self-efficacy, coping with stress.


Joanna ULATOWSKA (2013). Indicators of deception in different lie scenarios. Annals of Psychology, 16, 1, 127-146.


Summary: The current study was designed to assess the presence of deception indicators in truthful and deceptive statements. Four independent raters watched 80 statements on three different topics and evaluated the presence of 11 different cues to deception. It was hypothesized that it would be impossible to accurately differentiate between truthful and deceptive statements based on raters' evaluation and that the ratings of credibility would be based on stereotypical beliefs about cues to deception rather than on the objective indicators of deception. Moreover, different deception topics would result in different patterns of indicators. The results partially supported the hypothesis - the raters' evaluations did not make it possible to differentiate truth from lies; however, it was usually the objective cues that were used to predict the credibility of statements. Moreover, different accounts resulted in different patterns of cues to deception.

Keywords: deception, cues to deception, deception detection.

Autor: Karol Juros
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 01.10.2013, godz. 10:43 - Karol Juros