ARTYKUŁY // ARTICLES


 

 

 

Joanna DUDEK-GŁĄBICKA, Paweł OSTASZEWSKI, Stanisław MALICKI (2014). Transdiagnostic models of eating disorders and therapeutic methods: The example of Fairburn's Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. Annals of Psychology, 17(1), 25-39.

 

Abstract: The present article aims to present a transdiagnostic approach to eating disorders (anorexia ner­vosa, bulimia nervosa, and eating disorders not otherwise specified) using the example of two rela­tively new types of therapy: Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT), based on Fairburn's model, and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). Theoretical frameworks, psychopathology, pro­posed change mechanisms, as well as objectives and selected therapeutic techniques are discussed for both approaches. Directions for further research comparing the efficacy of the two approaches, the factors that moderate their outcomes, and the possibilities of integrating the two models are also suggested.

Keywords: eating disorders, Cognitive Behavior Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, transdiagnostic approach.

 


 

 

Joanna RÓŻYCKA-TRAN, Jacek BUCZNY, Aleksandra FILA-JANKOWSKA (2014). The noetic perspective and information processing. Annals of Psychology, 17(1), 73-103.

 

Abstract: The aim of the present research was to investigate the cognitive representations of the noetic pers­pective (spirituality) and the influence of the activation of these representations on information processing. The article presents the results of three experiments on groups of students (N = 186), using the lexical decision task (LDT) paradigm. In two of these experiments the depth of informa­tion processing was also measured by a memory test. The typical result for LDT procedure was not confirmed - the noetic perspective did not cause faster recognition of words related to this perspec­tive. However, the activation of the noetic perspective in the condition of activated attention mani­fested itself in a better memory of noetic words and in the transfer of positive affect to related noetic objects.

Keywords: noetic perspective, cognitive representation, information processing, lexical decision task.

 


 

 

Dorota CZYŻOWSKA, Kamila MIKOŁAJEWSKA (2014). Religiosity and young people's construction of personal identity. Annals of Psychology, 17(1), 131-154.

 

Abstract: According to Erikson (1964, 1965), developing our individual approach to religion is a very im­portant part of our mature and integrated identity development. The aim of the present study was to determine the connection between religiosity and identity development in adolescence. 300 stu­dents of Cracow's high and junior high schools (including Catholic schools) filled in Polish ver­sions of Huber's Centrality of Religiosity Scale and Berzonsky's Identity Style Inventory. The results confirmed the expected connection between identity styles and religiosity constructs de­fined as a system located in the personality of the individual. Indicators of religion correlated most positively with the normative and informational styles and negatively with the diffuse/avoidant style. Attaching weight to religion and giving it an important role in life was associated with hav­ing a more mature and adaptive identity style. Lack of interest in religion occurred in people whose identity was fragmented and nonintegrated. Some differences were noted between students of Catholic and non-Catholic schools.

Keywords: adolescence, identity style, religiosity.

 


 

 

Theodore D. KEMPER (2014). After the dialogical self, what? Roczniki Psychologiczne // Annals of Psychology, 17(1), 155-169.

 

Abstract: The idea of the dialogical self is a large step forward in linking the self to the social environment which forms it and provides its content. However, using an empirically-based, widely-known model of social relations, I propose that the concept of the self may be an extraneous item in the toolbox of dialogical-self theorists and practitioners. Rather, since the self is created by the social milieu, it may make sense to work with that milieu directly rather than with its product. This proposal has particular import for psychotherapy and I address some specifics of this claim to therapists.

Keywords: self, dialogic self, social relations, status, power, reference groups.

 


 

 

Anna ZGLINICKA, Wojciech KULESZA (2014). The chameleon effect and the stereotypes of nonbelievers held by religious persons. Annals of Psychology, 17(1), 183-195.

 

Abstract: The study aimed to verify whether the chameleon effect can be a used as an effective technique of stereotype modification. It has already been shown that individuals whose behaviors were mi­micked showed an increased positive disposition as well as readiness to help not only the mimicker but also other people - and, in general, this seems to be an effective tool of social influence. Per­sons who adjust their behaviors start to act cooperatively. The pilot study presented here, run as a natural experiment, aimed to employ the chameleon effect in order to modify the stereotype of nonbelievers as perceived by participants declaring themselves to be believers. The results showed that even though mimicry positively influenced the perception of the stereotyped group, the scope of the modification was somewhat patchy. This means that the mechanism can be effec­tively applied as a means for the modification of stereotypes and prejudices within certain limits. Since this is one of the first studies venturing to explore this area, further work is necessary to delineate the abovementioned limits and the applicability of the measures that we discuss in the final part of this paper.

Keywords: chameleon effect, imitation, stereotype, faith, religion, stereotype modification.

 


 

  

Adriana SCHETZ (2014). The minimalist representationalism of the ecological theory of perception. Annals of Psychology, 17(1), 217-235.

 

Abstract: The aim of the article is to consider the possibilities of incorporating the category of mental repre­sentation into the ecological theory of perception, devised by its originator, James J. Gibson, as a kind of antirepresentationalism. The full-blooded idea of perceptual representation seems "too heavy" for the needs of the ecological approach, according to which perception consists in directly collecting or apprehending the features of objects present in the environment by means of the senses. Since this process is a direct one, Gibson believes postulating mental representation does not in any way make it easier to understanding it. On the other hand, in contemporary philosophy of mind and cognitive psychology the concept of mental representation is almost indispensable. The article presents an attempt to interpret the perceptual process of information acquisition in terms of dynamic systems theory - or, more precisely, as a kind of simulation. The simulation model of perception based on a minimalist understanding of representation (as procedural know­ledge) is meant to complement the ecological theory of perception proposed by Gibson.

Keywords: ecological theory of perception, James J. Gibson, perception, simulation, representa­tion, minimalist representationalism, dynamic models.

 


 

 

Autor: Karol Juros
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 26.10.2016, godz. 20:12 - Ana Ivanova