Łukasz BUDZICZ (2015).  Post-Stapelian psychology. Discussions on the reliability of data and publications in psychology. Annals of Psychology, 18 (1), 25-40.


Abstract: In 2011, Diederik Stapel's fraud was discovered. It turned out that not only did Stapel forge data but also journals failed to notice many obvious errors and encouraged distortions (e.g., not report-ing studies with non-significant results). Simultaneously, Simmons et al. (2011) published an ar-ticle dedicated to questionable research practices that could significantly increase the number of false-positive results through arbitrary decisions pertaining to data analysis and presentation. Shortly after, there appeared results of studies suggesting that a large number of researchers con-fess to such practices and that they are, in fact, commonly accepted. These events sparked off a wide debate about the reliability of data in psychology. The author of the present paper discusses the most important points of this debate, showing how the low level of theoretical maturity, the lack of consensus on the rules of applying research techniques and interpreting results, and the unrealistic demands of editors of empirical journals may have contributed to this crisis.


Keywords: fraud in psychology, Diederik Stapel, "false-positive psychology", publication bias.


Mariusz ZIĘBA (2015).  Hope and the affective tone of narratives as correlates of posttraumatic growth in people who have lost motor ability. Annals of Psychology, 18 (1), 51-59.


Abstract: In the article we present data collected from 50 people who lost their motor ability in accidents. Analyses of narrative interviews conducted with the accident victims suggest that a positive affec-tive tone of narratives about the accident itself and the accident's influence on later life is con-nected to higher levels of posttraumatic growth. Other factors facilitating the experience of post-traumatic growth were hope and basic trust, as well as the theme of agency present in the narra-tives.


Keywords: narratives, hope, posttraumatic growth.


Ewa TRZEBIŃSKA, Maja FILIPIAK (2015).  The role of clinical experience in mental health assessment. Annals of Psychology, 18 (1), 79-96.


Abstract:  There are data showing clinical experience as disadvantageous for the quality of mental health assessment. On the other hand, according to American Psychological Association standards of evidence-based practice in psychology, clinical experience is one of the fundamental factors in professional psychological practice. The paper presents this controversy in the context of relevant psychological knowledge and empirical data. The conclusions are as follows: (1) the valuable input that clinical experience may bring to mental health assessment is intuitive thinking; (2) habitual cognitive errors and mindlessness, which are the possible side effects of long-lasting diagnostic practice, can be reduced by means of careful self-monitoring of the assessment process. A practical self-monitoring procedure is suggested.

Keywords: mental health assessment, clinical experience.





Lidia CIERPIAŁKOWSKA, Emilia SOROKO (2015).  The faces of professional experience in clinical assessment. A Comment on Trzebińska and Filipiak. Annals of Psychology, 18 (1), 103-108.


Abstract: The comment addresses issues concerning the importance of professional experience for various kinds of assessment carried out in the field of clinical psychology. The influence of clinical experience is understood broadly and considered in connection with assessment procedure leading to differential and structural-functional diagnosis, with special attention to the context of the diagnostocian's personality. The limitations that stem from monitoring focused exclusively on cognitive processes are also discussed.


Keywords: clinical assessment, assessment procedure, professional experience, clinical supervision.


Magdalena SZUBIELSKA (2015).  Mental majorization of figures tactilely explored by sighted and congenitally blind individuals. Annals of Psychology, 18 (1), 121-132.


Abstract: The study focused on the recognition of tactile figures by blind and sighted individuals. The find-ings allow the conclusion that, while visualizing shapes explored by touch, sighted individuals retain the size of the objects in their working memory and while comparing figures of various sizes they perform the process of mental scaling. By contrast, the size of objects does not seem to be of significance in mental representations created by blind individuals.


Keywords: blind vs. sighted individuals, imagery, mental scaling.


Oleg GORBANIUK, Bohdan ROŻNOWSKI, Adam BIELA, Maria BIELA-WARENICA (2015).  What is measured by the psychometric tools used for driver aptitude assessment in Poland? A research report.  Annals of Psychology, 18 (1), 145-155.


Abstract: The safety performance of road drivers requires an improvement of the mechanism of selecting candidates for professional drivers. Unfortunately, it has been common practice until now to design diagnostic methods to reflect the theoretical constructs of traits and abilities considered useful in road traffic. We decided to adopt the opposite, complementary approach and to analyze what the methods used in Polish transport psychology really measure and what theoretical constructs that corresponds to. The results will be treated as a first step towards determining the prognostic validi-ty of these psychometric tools. We tested 300 professional male drivers, aged form 21 to 65 years, belonging to six groups of equal size: victims of collisions, victims of accidents, perpetrators of collisions, perpetrators of accidents, drivers stopped by the police for drunk driving and those who had never been involved in any of the above situations. The analysis concerned 27 indicators taken from nine diagnostic tools commonly used by transport psychologists in Poland. Exploratory factor analysis was performed to determine the latent factor structure of these methods. The Kaiser crite-rion allowed us to identify the eight-factor solution as the optimal one. The extracted factors are: attention, accuracy in visual perception, mental alertness, sense of community, efficiency of reac-tiveness and decision making, cognitive abilities (logical induction and grasping analogy), agency, and sensitivity to social approval.


Keywords: transport psychology, diagnostic methods, traffic accident prevention.

Autor: Karol Juros
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 01.07.2015, godz. 09:03 - Karol Juros