ARTICLES


 

Bibianna BAŁAJ (2015). The Influence of Object Complexity and Rotation Angle on Eye Movements during Mental Rotation. Annals of Psychology, 18 (4), 485-503.

 

Abstract: The scientific objective of the study was to identify factors modifying the eye movements observed during the performance of mental rotation tasks. On the one hand, differences were sought in indicators concerning eye movements between the phases of the perception of an object in the original and rotated positions; on the other hand, the study tested the influence of object complexity on the strength of similarity between perception and visualization in terms of the times of eye fixation in corresponding regions of interest. The results showed longer mean fixation times as well as a lower number and frequency of eye fixations when visualizing objects compared to viewing them. It can therefore be concluded that mental images required longer and deeper data processing than viewed objects did. The similarity of perception and visualization in terms of visual fixation times in corresponding regions of interest was stronger for simple objects than for complex ones. Moreover, it was demonstrated that for larger rotation angles the number of fixations was higher and their frequency was lower compared to smaller angles, which suggests an increase in perceived task difficulty and an increase in cognitive engagement with the increase in rotation angle.

Keywords: mental rotation, eye movements, comparing eye scanpaths.


 

Sabina STASZCZYK, Aleksandra TOKARZ (2015). The Relationship Between Indicators of Workaholism and Burnout in Specialists and Managers. Annals of Psychology, 18 (4), 523-540.

 

Abstract: The aim of the study was to: (1) confirm the expected positive relationships between workaholism and burnout syndrome; (2) explore the relationships between the indicators of workaholism, burnout, and seniority; (3) build and verify empirically the structural model in an attempt to structure the relationships between the studied variables. The verification of the hypothesis was conducted among white-collar workers of a large company operating in the Polish market. Of the indicators of workaholism, only work enjoyment and work–life imbalance – doing showed significant relationships with both components of burnout. The strongest negative predictor of burnout was work enjoyment. On the basis of correlation and regression analyses, the structural model explaining the variance in burnout syndrome was proposed and tested. Indicators of workaholism and seniority were the explanatory variables.

Keywords: workaholism, burnout syndrome, work–life imbalance, use of time, seniority.


 

 REPORTS


 

Kamila WOJDYŁO (2015). Workaholism – the Nature of the Construct and the Nomenclature as Controversial Issues in Research on the Phenomenon. A Commentary on Staszczyk and Tokarz (2015). Annals of Psychology, 18 (4), 547-552.

 

Abstract: The analysis of research findings, presented in previews as concerning “workaholism,” including the results of selected Polish studies, reveals at least three worrisome issues: (a) frequent misapplication of the term “workaholism” to phenomenona that are not related to work addiction, (b) expanding the conceptualization of workaholism to include dimensions defining the healthy form of high work involvement (e.g., work engagement), which do not differentiate workaholism as a disorder from the phenomenon of healthy hard work, (c) using inaccurate interpretation of research results that concern healthy high work involvement as referring to work addiction. The commentary on the article contains a discussion of the above-mentioned issues.

Keywords: workaholism, work addiction, pathological overwork.


 

Aleksandra JASIELSKA, Lech KACZMAREK, Aleksandra BROŃSKA, Maria DOMINIAK, Karolina NIEMIER, Daria PATALAS, Andrzej SOKOŁOWSKI, Martyna TOMCZAK (2015). The Relationship Between Working Memory and Emotion Regulation Strategies. Annals of Psychology, 18 (4), 567-578.

 

Abstract: The article focuses on the results of a study on the relationship between working memory and emotion regulation. The relationship between working memory and emotion regulation is expected to manifest itself especially in situations of applying emotion regulation strategies that engage cognitive resources, such as cognitive reappraisal and positive reappraisal. We assumed that, compared to participants low in working memory capacity, participants high in working memory capacity would report using the above strategies more frequently. In our study (N = 65), the participants completed two questionnaires: the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire and the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, as well as a well-validated measure of working memory capacity known as the Operation Span Task. Our hypotheses were confirmed. The results were interpreted in relation to such constructs as temporal organization of emotion regulation strategies, affective flexibility, or forms of reappraisal.

Keywords: working memory, emotion regulation strategies, cognitive reappraisal, positive reappraisal.


 

Agata CIEŚLAR (2015). Dialog with an Imaginary Interlocutor as a Form of Support in Coping with Stressful Situations. Annals of Psychology, 18 (4), 589-597.

 

Abstract: The research described in the article is based on the assumption that support is a function of internal dialogs, but their role in a stressful situation is not known. The subject of the research is dialogs with imaginary interlocutors and their role in coping in stressful situations. The participants in the study (N = 73) were asked to imagine a difficult situation. Then, the experimental group (N = 36) conducted an imaginary dialog with a person from the previously created map of support. The control group (N = 37) generated a list of possible solutions to a difficult situation. The study measured the quality of support obtained as a result of the dialog or as a result of making a list of solutions. The results show that a dialog with an imaginary interlocutor is a more effective form of coping with a stressful situation than generating a list of possible solutions to the problem.

Keywords: imaginary dialog, support, coping.


 

Anna Katarzyna ZALESZCZYK, Paweł KOT (2015). Hope for Success and Difficulties in the Career Decision-Making Process. Annals of Psychology, 18 (4), 611-621.

 

Abstract: This article aims to analyze the relations between the difficulty of making career decisions and hope for success. Hope for success may be a factor that modifies the quality of decisions, especially in difficult situations. As a source of motivation to act and overcome the obstacles encountered, hope for success influences human perception and behavior when making decisions and taking actions. The study was carried out on a group of 149 students in the final grade of high schools located in the Mazowieckie voivodeship, Poland. The participants were 17 to 21 years old (M = 18.64, SD = 0.69). To measure the variables, we used the Career Decision-Making Difficulties Questionnaire and the Hope for Success Questionnaire. The results indicate statistically significant differences in the severity of the difficulties in making career decisions in people with different levels of hope of success.

Keywords: difficulties in the career decision-making process, lack of readiness, lack of information, inconsistent information, hope for success.

Autor: Ana Ivanova
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 30.10.2016, godz. 08:25 - Ana Ivanova