SENSE OF COHERENCE (SOC) AND COPING PROCESS: LOOKING FOR THE MECHANICS OF SOC

Ewa Gruszczyńska

    The study explored relation between Antonovsky’s sense of coherence (SOC) and coping process in order to answer the question whether SOC influences coping effectiveness directly or indirectly through mediating variables: cognitive appraisal and coping strategies. Participants were 115 students in the setting of a difficult exam. The research consisted of four strategies: 1. Neutral conditions – evaluation of SOC level and coping effectiveness and coping strategies; 2. Anticipation phase and 3. Waiting phase – assessment of appraisal and coping strategies; 4. Outcome stage – evaluation of coping effectiveness repeated (final value). Two separate path analyses were conducted regarding different controllability of the second and third stage. The results showed that SOC had strong direct relationship with initial but not the final level of effectiveness. Almost no SOC effects on cognitive appraisal and coping strategies were found. Additionally, the analyses revealed a causal pattern of influences between those variables contrary to that assumed in the model of stress and coping by Lazarus. Thus, it seems that the coping process was rather of a reactive than purposive character. This could also be the reason why the effect of SOC on coping was smaller than expected.
Autor: Ewelina Soszyńska
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 13.06.2007, godz. 11:37 - Ewelina Soszyńska