Agata Patrycja Błachnio, Michał Janson, Zbigniew Zaleski*
Katedra Psychologii Emocji i Motywacji Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski


Summary. Our study focuses on the shame people experience for politicians' unaccept-able behaviours (speech, decisions and presentations). Based on psychological literature, the authors have proposed some determinants of this emotion. Two dimensions have been considered. The first is concerned with the person (target) experiencing shame (value system, identification with politicians). The second is concerned with the social aspects of the situation, potentially leading to shameful experiences (strangeness and size of witnesses group, content of event, whether the event concerns to target persons and whether its consequences can be removed).
A group of 103 adults Poles took part in the research. The hypotheses were as follows: the stronger the identification with the politician the stronger the shame they experience; the stronger the preference for moral and family values the stronger the shame. It is important to add that the larger, the more civilised and positively marked the witnesses group from other countries, the stronger is the shame caused by politician's behaviour. The following methods have been applied: Zaleski's Scale of Values, the Shame Questionnaire and short scenarios covering the assumed factors. The analyses revealed several relationships. It has been found that the feeling of shame is greater if people identify more with a politician and when they prefer moral and social values. Also, the shame experience increases if there are more observers, particularly strangers from the highly estimated countries. Apart from theoretical contributions to psychology of shame (see e. g. Zaleski 1998), these findings also have pragmatic value. The shame for politicians can be regarded as a test of voter's preferences during their election campaign.
Autor: Ewelina Soszyńska
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 15.05.2007, godz. 18:53 - Ewelina Soszyńska