Anna M. Zalewska
Szkoła Wyższa Psychologii Społecznej, Warszawa

SOCIAL DESIRABILITY – WHAT DOES IT MEAN AMONG ADULTS IN ANONYMOUS RESEARCH?

Social desirability means a people tendency to portray themselves in a favourable light in order to obtain social approval. This tendency is seen either as an index of conformity or a purer index of lying and faking good. The aim of the study is to answer the questions: 1. Is a level of social desirability of adult employees in anonymous research on their job attitudes different from its level obtained in anonymous diagnostic survey? 2. What are connections of social desirability with neuroticism, psychoticism and extraversion and what do they mean? 3. Does a level of social desirability of adult employees depend on a period of life, gender or a kind of job? 316 employees (109 women) at age 19-60 years were investgated with the Polish version of Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Revised during anonymous research on their job attitudes. A kind of job was specified by a kind of organization (private, army, state) and a status in the organization (low or high). Results show that anonymous measure of job attitudes do not increase a tendency of adult employees to present themselves in a favourable light in comparison to its level obtained by adults in anonymous diagnostic survey. In anonymous research social desirability among adults means mainly conformity. It is higher in middle than in young adulthood, however its relation with age is broken in middle adulthood. Among adults it does not depend on gender nor a kind of job.
Autor: Ewelina Soszyńska
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 09.03.2007, godz. 15:55 - Ewelina Soszyńska