SPIRITUALITY AS HUMAN DIMENSION, ITS IMPORTANCE IN HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY, AND ITS MEASUREMENT

Irena Heszen-Niejodek, Ewa Gruszczyńska

    Recently growing interest in spirituality as a human dimension may be observed in psychology. The role of spirituality is especially appreciated in health psychology where it is recognized forth human dimension, in addition to physical, psychological and social ones. Extensive empirical evidence has been accumulated so far to prove the importance of spirituality as a factor protecting health. It is claimed in the paper that spirituality has become an interdisciplinary term and, among others, may also be studied from the psychological perspective. The paper seeks to answer the following questions: why spirituality is worth studying from such perspective, what is spirituality from the psychological point of view, and how spirituality can be measured with psychological means. As a psychological term, spirituality has a status of a multidimensional theoretical construct referring to a specific domain of human activity. The essence of this domain is transcendence beyond actually experienced ego. Like other theoretical constructs in psychology, spirituality can be masured with self-descriptive questionnaires. An example of such a questionnaire is presented which has been elaborated by authors and meets strong psychometric criteria.
Autor: Ewelina Soszyńska
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 13.06.2007, godz. 11:35 - Ewelina Soszyńska