Kinga Lachowicz-Tabaczek *
Instytut Psychologii, Uniwersytet Wrocławski
THE INFLUENCE OF NATIONAL IDENTITY ON THE EVALUATION
OF THE REPRESENTATIVES OF FOREIGN NATIONS: ON TWO CONSEQUENCES OF NATIONAL IDENTIFICATION
Summary. The study is devoted to theoretical and empirical analysis of the phenome-non of prejudices with the use of the presuppositions of Tajfel's and Turner's theory of social identity (1979). On the basis of those presuppositions prejudices towards other nations may aries due to the involvement of cognitive and motivational aspects of national identity. The first of them results from the awareness of psychological bound-aries of one's own national group; the second results from a tendency to preserve its separate character and positive image.
It is anticipated then that the reduction of national prejudices will take place when the borders of one's own group are indistinct or national identity is supported. Now aversion to other nations is expected in the circumstances when the borders of one's own nation are more and more distinct or national identity is threatened.
The circumstances which enable those hypothesis to be verified were created in a laboratory experiment. The subjects were suggested a definite level of their personal or national similarity with the representatives of other nations.
The findings have confirmed both groups of predictions. Under the circumstances which strengthened national identity or indistinctness of borders of the group other nations were increasingly favored. Now aversion to other nations was more intense when national identity was threatened or the borders of one's nations became very distinct.
The findings have been discussed with regard to their application in preveziting and reducing prejudices under the actual social circumstances.
Autor: Ewelina Soszyńska
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 15.05.2007, godz. 18:51 - Ewelina Soszyńska