PRZEGLĄD PSYCHOLOGICZNY 2016, TOM 59, NR 4


1. Powody przechodzenia na wcześniejszą emeryturę w grupie policjantów z diagnozą zaburzenia lękowego

Martyna Mikulska, Jan Strelau

 

Reasons for early retirement among police officers diagnosed with anxiety disorder Abstract. Service in police force is among the most stressful and demanding, while offering a favorable pension system. Recently there is an on-going extensive discussion about the issue of early retirement of police officers. The aim of the study was to look at the psychological, psychosocial and economic causes of this phenomena. The study group consisted of police officers diagnosed with anxiety disorder, whose service experience exceeded 15 years (n = 86, only men) aged 35-50 (M = 41.63; SD = 3.86). The following tools were used: Satisfaction with Life Scale, Impact of Event Scale-Revised, Formal Characteristics of Behavior–Temperament Questionnaire, Psychosocial Working Conditions Questionnaire and a socio-demographic survey. Variance analysis showed that the police officers, who were planning to retire in maximum of 6 months had lower endurance and satisfaction with life, and used sick leave more often than the police officers planning to retire later. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that for a given framework of selected demographic characteristics, the following proved to be significant predictors of planned retirement age: satisfaction with life, endurance, job demands, the length of psychiatric treatment and the sick leave period in the last year. The results of the study suggest that the police officers diagnosed with anxiety disorders have limited dispositional abilities of stimulus processing, which results – among others – from high level of psychological pressure and extreme demands of working conditions. Various sociodemographic, job- and health-related variables have their impact on the decision of early retirement. The results show the need of further studies concerning early retirement in the uniformed services.
Key words: satisfaction with life; post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); temperament; psychosocial work conditions; retirement; police officers.

 

2. Rzetelność procedury wyodrębniania opowieści ukrytych z monologów

Dariusz Kuncewicz, Dorota Kuncewicz, Ewa Sokołowska, Wojciech Kruszewski

 

Reliability of procedure for isolating hidden stories from monologues

Abstract. The study examines the reliability of a procedure for isolating a hidden story from a monologue on an assigned topic. We define a “hidden story” as a story about its author’s own life, which is accessible from his/her monologue “indirectly” through an analysis of the textual contexts and the speech rules used in the monologue. The procedure involves the following stages: (1) identifying narratively out-of-key elements and assigning them to specific linguistic and/or literary categories; (2) analysing their functions and content contexts, and drawing interpretative conclusions; (3) formulating a hidden story. The study uses a monologue on “the latest most important changes in your life.” The consecutive stages of the procedure were realised by three three-person teams (each made up of two psychologists and one specialist in Polish studies). We assumed that the concordance between the results obtained by the teams at each stage of the procedure is a measure of its reliability. The teams achieved the relatively smallest concordance at Stage 1 and the largest at the next two stages. Comparing the results obtained by the three teams allows us to initially classify the key functions of out-of-key elements, and propose an interpretive strategy and a way of formulating a hidden story.
Key words: hidden stories; narrations; monologues; interpretation; reliability.

 

3. Wszędzie ty: konsekwencje nadawania przedmiotom magicznego znaczenia przez osoby, których uczucie jest lub nie jest odwzajemnione

Aleksandra Niemyjska

 

I see you everywhere: The effects of magical significance ascribed to material possessions by people with reciprocated affection versus those with unreciprocated affection

Abstract. Romantic magical thinking (MT) consists in the perception of places and material possessions associated with a partner as parts of that partner him or herself. The aim of the research was (a) to demonstrate the specific characteristics of MT when compared to a general tendency towards irrational thinking; and (b) to determine the conditions under which MT contributes to people’s well-being. The study was conducted online (N = 302). The results showed that romantic MT correlated with a general tendency towards irrational thinking. However, it was predicted specifically by higher levels of anxious attachment and lower levels of avoidant attachment. What is more, for people in relationships, MT positively predicted relationship and life satisfaction, whereas it negatively predicted levels of loneliness and depression. In contrast, when love was unrequited, as in the case of dissolved relationships, MT positively predicted intensity and duration of emotional distress after the breakup. The effects of MT were mediated by increased feelings of closeness to a loved one. The adaptive function of romantic MT is being discussed.
Key words: sympathetic magic; irrational thinking; material possessions; romantic relationships.

 

4. Polska adaptacja Skali Przebaczenia – Heartland Forgiveness Scale

Kinga Kaleta, Justyna Mróz, Monika Guzewicz

 

Polish adaptation of Heartland Forgiveness Scale

Abstract. The article presents a cognitive conception of forgiveness proposed by Thompson et al. and the Polish version of the Heartland Forgiveness Scale developed as based on this theory. HFS is a multi-dimensional tool measuring dispositional forgiveness (with subscales to assess forgiveness of self, others, and of situations beyond anyone’s control). However, in the Polish adaptation, the authors developed a different structure of the scale. The results of confirmatory factor analysis showed that among a number of solutions, the hierarchical nine-factor model exhibited the best fit. Consequently, the scale contains two scales (Scale P and Scale N) which allow measuring forgiveness in two separate dimensions – positive (as benevolent thoughts, feelings and behaviors) and negative (as reduction of hostile thoughts, feelings and behaviors), and six subscales with distinction of forgiveness of self, others, and situations (P-self, P-others, P-situations, N-self, P-others, N-situations). The score on the Total HFS indicates how forgiving a person tends to be. Reliability and validity of the tool were both satisfactory. The Polish version of the Heartland Forgiveness Scale was significantly correlated with other measures of forgiveness, positive and negative affect, satisfaction with life, anxiety, emotional control, and social desirability.
Key words: forgiveness; scale adaptation; disposition to forgive.


5. Pojęcie pieniądza vs czasu, ocena sytuacji materialnej rodziny i wdzięczność nastolatków

Anna Maria Zawadzka, Iwona van Buuren, Aleksandra Musielak-Dobrowolska

 

The concept of money vs. time, financial situation of the family and gratitude of teenagers

Abstract. Two experiments were conducted to examine the effect of activation of the concept of money vs. time on gratitude of adolescents, and the relationship between the financial situation of the family (as perceived by teenagers) and the level of their gratitude. In Study 1 (N = 122) gratitude questionnaire GQ-6 was used and in Study 2 (N = 184) emotions of gratitude were measured (for what and to whom the participants were grateful). The results obtained in both studies indicated a relationship between the perceived financial situation of the family and the level of gratitude. Study 1 did not show the effect of activation of the concept of money vs. time on the results on the gratitude scale. In contrast, activation of the concept of money affected the growth of self-esteem. Study 2 demonstrated that activation of the concept of money vs. time influenced gratitude. Activation of both money and time lowered teenager gratitude. What is more, activation of the concept of money increased the gratitude of those teenagers who perceived the financial situation of the family as worse.
Key words: gratitude; money; time; subjective economic status; self-esteem.

 

6. Skala Osobistej Adaptacyjności – polska adaptacja Lifespan Individual Resilience Scale

Alicja Malina, Julie Ann Pooley, Craig Harms

 

Lifespan Individual Resilience Scale in its Polish adaptation

Abstract. The article concerns an adaptation Lifespan Individual Resilience Scale for measuring resilience in Polish research conditions. It presents the psychometric properties of the measurement – the factorstructure, reliability, validity and timestability. The study involved 388 people aged 20 to 45 years (averageage 27.4). The conducted analyses confirmed the factor structure of the original version of the Lifespan Individual Resilience Scale, its high reliability and time stability as well as satisfactory validity of the Polish adaptation. The new Polish Lifespan Individual Resilience Scale (SOA) can be successfully used in research.
Key words: resilience; psychometry.

 

7. Sprawozdania


Michał Brol, Mateusz Paliga, Barbara Smorczewska
Sprawozdanie z II Zjazdu Polskiego Stowarzyszenia Psychologii Organizacji
Sopot, 19-20 maja 2016 r.

 

Reports

 

Michał Brol, Mateusz Paliga, Barbara Smorczewska
A report from the 2nd Congress of the Polish Association of Organizational Psychology, Sopot, 19-20 May 2016

 

Autor: Barbara Cichy-Jasiocha
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 23.04.2017, godz. 14:40 - Barbara Cichy-Jasiocha