Anna Szalkowska, Piotr Francuz

UNDERSTANDING PRESS INFORMATION: PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH

                     

In order to understand a text, one must interpret the input of external data according to the system of acquired knowledge. The research has verified the hypothesis that a structurally and narrative press information corresponds to various mental representations of the same content which readers construct.

The findings of our experiment have shown that the hierarchic structure of a press text helps to remember general information. Those who read press information of the structure were also more certain that the answers they gave were correct. With regard to particular information, this feeling was not corroborated by their actual answer. One may therefore presume that press readers construct the representation of the events they describe with a subiective belief that contents are true, although they do not remember e.g. detalited circumstances or their course. With respect to the variable of time, it has been stated that those who read a narrative text were much more quicker with their answer than those who read a hierarchically structured information. Moreover, the subiects ordered the events they described according to the sequence in which they had taken place in reality by transforming the hierarchically structured text according to a narrativechronology. Such findings confirm the hypothesis that, unlike a hierarchic structure (typical of press information), the form of narration is more natural way memorize events.

Autor: Ewelina Soszyńska
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 11.03.2007, godz. 16:53 - Ewelina Soszyńska