The editors of Studia Prawnicze KUL apply ethical principles developed on the basis of Elsevier and the recommendations of COPE.




1) Data Access and Retention

The author who publishes his/her research results in the quarterly is obliged to keep them for a specified number of years after publication and, if it is feasible - to provide public access to those data. The author may be asked by the editors to provide his/her data for use in the publishing process.


2) Originality and acknowledgement of sources

The work published by the author should be completely original. If the author has used other people's texts, they should be cited in an appropriate manner - in order to remove any doubts about the authorship of the work or its part. The author should cite the publications which had an influence on his/her work in an appropriate manner. Information obtained privately (e.g. in conversation, correspondence, discussion, etc.) cannot be used without written permission of the author.


3) Plagiarism

Plagiarism, regardless of its form, is considered unethical and unacceptable publishing behaviour.


4) Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication

The author should not publish the same text in more than one journal. This behavior is considered unacceptable and unethical. The author should not submit for consideration a text that has already been published in another journal. The author confirms the above requirements in a written statement.


5) Authorship of the Paper

The authorship of the work should be limited only to people who make a significant contribution to the creation of the text. All persons who have made a significant contribution to the text should be listed as its co-authors. The authors indicate in a written statement their contribution to the creation of the text. All authors must approve the final version of the work and agree to its publication. All persons who participated in specific, important aspects of creating the work should be indicated (e.g. language verification). The authors take collective responsibility for their work.


6) Conflicts of interest

All authors are required to report any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could improperly influence on their work.


7) Disclosure of financing sources

Authors are required to disclose in a written statement all sources of funding work submitted for publication, as well as the contribution of scientific and research institutions, associations and other entities.


8) Fundamental errors in published works

The author is obliged to immediately notify the editors about significant errors or inaccuracies in his/her work - in order to correct, rectify or withdraw it.




1)      Publication decisions

The editor-in-chief is responsible for deciding which of the texts should be published or not allowed to be printed. Limitations on publication may be justified by legal considerations, such as defamation or copyright infringement. The editor-in-chief may consult with other editors and editorial staff in making this decision.

2)      Review

The editors ensure that texts are subject to review proceedings. Articles are subject to a fair, impartial and timely review, made by two independent reviewers. Exceptionally, the editors may also seek additional review. Editors choose reviewers who possess appropriate knowledge in a specific area.

3) Fair play

The evaluation of submitted texts is based on their content and intellectual value, without regard to the author’s race, sex, religious beliefs, origin, citizenship, etc.


4) Confidentiality


The editors are obliged to protect the confidentiality of all materials sent to the journal. The editors guarantee the anonymity of the reviewers of all texts.


5) Conflicts of interest


The editor-in-chief cannot take part in making decisions about works that he/she wrote or which were written by members of his/her family or colleagues. Such texts are subject to the ordinary review procedure.


6) Examination of improper conduct

The editors take appropriate steps in the event of the detection or suspicion of inappropriate, unethical behaviour in the publication of texts (e.g. plagiarism).




1)      Contribution to editorial decisions

The reviewer assists in making editorial decisions by creating an independent review. By submitting comments in the review, he/she can also help the author to correct the submitted text.

2)      Confidentiality

Reviews are treated as confidential documents. Reviewers cannot share reviews or information about the text. The reviewers cannot contact the authors directly in matters related to the publication of articles.

3)      Reliability

The reviewer is obliged to pay attention to any reservations about the ethical side of the submitted work. In particular, he/she should indicate all the relevant similarities with another work known to the reviewer - confirmed by an appropriate quote.

4)      Objectivism

All reviews should be objective - they should contain the views of the reviewer, supported by appropriate arguments. The reviewer should not be guided by personal prejudices in his/her review. The author's personal criticism as part of the review should be considered improper.

5) Conflicts of interest

The reviewer should report to the editor, before reviewing the work, all possible conflicts of interest.







COPE Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers