What is Biotechnology?

Biotechnology is an interdisciplinary science making use of enzymes, living cells or whole organisms for the efficient manufacture or processing of useful products. The goal is the development of novel and/or more efficient processes to obtain a wide variety of substances many of which are useful to man as food, fuel and medicines.

In biotechnology knowledge from several fields, like microbiology, chemistry, biochemistry, molecular biology, genetics, bioinformatics and engineering sciences are employed. The classical use of biotechnology was already developed several thousand years ago, e.g. in the production of wine and beer with the help of yeast and to turn milk into different food using specific microorganisms or enzymes.

The modern biotechnology is making use of molecular biological and genetic findings and methods. In this way it is possible to develop new manufacturing methods for chemicals, like new drug substances or basic chemicals for the chemical industry, diagnostic methods, biosensors, new plant varieties, new energy sources and processing of waste materials, etc. Biotechnology processes might be applied in multifaceted fields, like medicine (red biotechnology), plants and agriculture (green biotechnology) and industry (white biotechnology).


Specializations in the I degree study (BSc):
  • Industrial biotechnology
  • Environmental biotechnology

The graduate possesses a wide range of knowledge in the field of basic sciences: biochemistry, cell biology, genetics, microbiology, ecology and environmental protection based on mathematics, informatics, physics and chemistry. This knowledge is broadened by theoretical and practical classes in molecular biology, genetic and bioprocess engineering, industrial microbiology, cell culture techniques and biotechnological methods in environmental protection and pharmacy as well as knowledge of basic biochemical procedures.

Graduates are well prepared using biotechnological techniques and by this to undertake tasks in scientific, analytical and diagnostics laboratories, and to perform experimental research with biological material.


Career Prospects:

  • Research and development in academic, industrial and clinical/diagnostic areas
  • Industry (food and drink, chemical and pharmaceutical, quality control, waste management)
  • Sales/Marketing
  • Seeds and plants companies
  • Local governments