Just after the Second World War the First Chair of Dogmatic Theology was established at the Catholic University of Lublin. The first director of the chair was Rev. prof. Antoni Slomkowski (+1982). In the period 1944-51 he was the rector of the Catholic University of Lublin as well. He was dismissed by communists from the University and imprisoned in Warsaw for four years. After his coming back to Lublin, he resumed lecturing students again and was appointed to be the chairman.
    In the period 1960-1980 Rev. prof. Andrzej Ludwik Krupa OFM was the chairman. From 1980 till 2004 the chair was led by Rev. prof. Stanisław Napiórkowski OFMConv. The associate staff members were the following: rev. dr Ryszard Szmydki OMI (1983-91), Rev. dr Zdzisław Kijas OFM Conv. (1991-1993) and Rev. dr Andrzej Czaja (1993-2003).
    The First Chair of Dogmatic Theology has been renamed the Chair of Pneumatology and Ecclesiology in 2004. Since then, Rev. prof. Andrzej Czaja has been appointed the chairman. He was born in 1963 in Oleśno, diocese of Opole. He graduated in dogmatic theology at Seminary of Nysa. In 1994 he obtained his doctorate with a thesis entitled ‘One Person in many persons. Pnematological ecclesiology of Heribert Mühlen'. In period 1996-1998 he studied at the Johann Adam Möhler Ecumenical Institute in Paderborn in Germany. He was habilitated in 2003 with a dissertation entitled Credo in Spiritum Vivificantem. The pneumatological interpretation of the Church as a Communion in Post-councillor German Theology. In 2004 he was appointed director of the Chair of Pneumatology and Ecclesiology at the Catholic University of Lublin. He was also awarded a chair of the Principles of Ecumenism at the University of Opole. In 2005 he became a professor at the Faculty of Theology of the Catholic University of Lublin.
    In 2005 the Chair gained a new staff member: Rev. dr Antoni Nadbrzezny who started as an university lecturer in dogmatic theology and became an assistant in the Chair of Pneumatology and Ecclesiology. In 2002 he defended his PhD thesis entitled ‘From the Mother of Redemption to the Mother of all believers. Edward Schillebeeckx's Mariology' written under supervision of prof. Stanisław Napiórkowski OFMConv. He is a member of the Polish Mariological Society, the Learned Society of the Catholic University of Lublin and the Learned Society of Lublin.
    The research is conducted to study issues regarding ecclesiology in the broad perspective of an increasingly secularized and multicultural society. The attention is also drawn to the Church as a Communion, the New Evangelization, the necessity of the Church, the sacramentality of the Church and the ministry in the Church.
Pneumatology occupies a key position in academic research into the Christian heritage. The greatest emphasis is put on the patristic pneumatology and recent ecumenical dialogues. There is a new attention to the question of the Holy Spirit as a salvific Mediator. The theological antropology has always been focal. Substantively the accent falls on the sacraments of Christian Initiation and the mystery of human existence. The chair focuses on fundamental theological problems in the teaching of the pope Benedict XVI.
    Various research methods are used to explore the most divergent forms of local theologies (especially German and Dutch theologies). The Chair of Pneumatology and Ecclesiology sees its challenge as offering solutions, based on the Christian tradition, to the problems of our time.