Jan Stanik

    The psychological problems connected with testimonies of witnesses encompass a lot of variables which affect the final result i.e. the testimony itself. This is shown in
Fig. 1.
    Witness interview method are included in group V of this model. Until 1920s no empirical research has been conducted to examine the impact of an interview method on the results of testimonies (except for A. Binet). The first research of this type, based on the forensic psychology, was published as late as 1924 by W. H. Marston. In this article the author, referring to his own research as well as the research done by Marston and Hołyst, presents a significant influence of witness interview methods on the final results of witnesses’ testimonies. It is preceded by a detailed formal and logical as well as psychological analysis of questions as the constructional material for the interview method (Fig. 2).
    Next he defines the psychological method of witness interviews, differentiating it from a phase of the interview (the lawsuit approach) and an interview tactics (the criminalistic approach).
    He continues by specifying 3 psychological methods (or techniques) of witness interview: a free reproting method (FR), a factographical guided questioning method (FGQ) and a control and verification questioning method (CVQ).
    The author proves that there is no universal method. Every method has its advantages and disadvantages,. Therefore the above-mentioned methods should always be used jointly, following the sequence recommended by the author.
    Further in the article, the author presents positive and adverse influences of every method on the final result of testimonies of witnesses.
Autor: Ewelina Soszyńska
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 13.06.2007, godz. 11:40 - Ewelina Soszyńska