Władysław Jacek PALUCHOWSKI,  Spór metodologiczny czy spór koncepcji -  badania ilościowe vs jakościowe // Methodological or theoretical framework controversy - qualitative versus. Roczniki Psychologiczne // Annals of Psychology, 13, 1, 7-27.


This article compares and contrasts some aspects of qualitative and quantitative research approaches. The question is: how does a researcher select a research paradigm and corresponding methodology? Is this choice a consequence of the nature or essence of the social phenomena being investigated? The researcher's thinking style is probably a key factor for the preferred choice of methods. The strengths and weaknesses of qualitative and quantitative research are a perennial and hot themes of debate, especially in psychology. Much of this debate has tended to obfuscate rather than clarify the problem, and to divide rather than unite researchers. Is this the inter-paradigm debate or is it a dispute between competing paradigms? Quantitative purists express assumptions that are consistent with positivist philosophy, whereas qualitative purists reject positivism. However, the major question remains: What is the goal of investigation? The final section of the paper advocates a "pragmatic approach" as a new guiding paradigm and as a basis for supporting work that combines qualitative and quantitative methods.

Key words: methodology, quantitative methods, qualitative methods.






Joanna TRZÓPEK,  „Kto jest kontrolerem?" Problem podmiotu i świadomego „ja" we współczesnej psychologii kognitywnej // "Who is the controller?" Agent, consciousness and "self" in light of contemporary cognitive psychology. Roczniki Psychologiczne // Annals of Psychology, 13, 1, 129-154.


Categories such as: "consciousness", "self, "agent" - after decades of absence - regain recognition as a specific novelty in the field of cognitive psychology (cognitive sciences and related disciplines: social cognition, cognitive neuroscience, social neuroscience, etc.). In this context, a particular approach towards the person and the nature of his/her actions emerges. The main mark of this approach seems to undermine our commonsense convictions on the man's functioning as a con­scious agent who controls the course of his actions according to his conscious plans, intentions or will: an increasing amount of evidence indicates that complex processes responsible for human behavior do not require awareness; an important class of these unconscious processes is automatic: we are only aware of some of their effects. The text provides a number of empirically grounded arguments (advanced especially in the field of social cognition and neuroscience) in favor of the thesis mentioned above. Some evidence confirms a significant role of so called "cognitive uncons­ciousness" in various complex mental processes, although this raises some questions. Just to name some of the key difficulties: Who (if not the conscious "I") is the controller of one's own behavior and who guides it? What do we need consciousness for? What is the role of human sense of agency and a subjective experience of the will? And finally, to bring forward the fundamental one: can a scientific theory deal with the category of an 'agent as such'?

Key words: cognitive sciences, agent, will, agency, consciousness, automatic processes, implicit cognition, apparent mental control, cognitive unconsciousness.


Konrad JANOWSKI, Agnieszka JELIŃSKA, Aleksander WAŚ, Somnambulizm. Obraz kliniczny i terapia // Somnambulism. Clinical manifestations and therapy. Roczniki Psychologiczne // Annals of Psychology, 13, 1, 155-175.


Somnambulism (sleepwalking) is a non-organic sleep disorder of the parasomnia type with estimated prevalence of 15% in children and 3% in adults. Its clinical symptoms include performing complex motor activities (e.g. walking, eating) during the non-REM sleep stage, without full awa­kening and with amnesia of the event on the following morning. The knowledge about somnam­bulism is usually fragmentary both among psychologists and physicians, and the significance of this disorder tends to be neglected in clinical practice. The objective of this paper is, therefore, to pro­vide psychologists and other professionals with an update on recent developments in the knowledge of somnambulism. The paper addresses the issues of prevalence of sleepwalking, its clinical manife­stations, pathophysiology, diagnostic criteria, comorbidity, etiology, pathomechanisms, diagnostic methods and attempts of treatment. Finally, based on the presented review, clinical and research implications for psychologists are outlined.

Key words: somnambulism, sleepwalking, parasomias, sleep disorders.


Tomasz BESTA, Prezentacja metody pomiaru złożoności integratywnej // Assessment of integrative complexity. Roczniki Psychologiczne // Annals of Psychology, 13, 1, 177-200.


This article presents theory and research associated with integrative complexity. Integrative comple­xity is defined in terms of two cognitive structural variables: differentiation and integration. Criteria for assessing integrative complexity and rules for encoding verbal protocols are presented. Applica­tions of this construct to the various psychological and social problems are also summarized.

Key words: integrative compexity, cognitive complexity, assessment.

Autor: Karol Juros
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 07.02.2013, godz. 10:48 - Karol Juros