Jan CIECIUCH, Mariola ŁAGUNA (2014). The Big Five and beyond: Personality traits and their measurement.  Annals of Psychology, 17(2), 249-258.


Abstract: The article is an introduction to the volume devoted to personality traits and their measurement. It consists of two parts. The first part presents two research traditions that use the taxonomy of five personality traits: the lexical tradition (using the term "Big Five") and the psychometric tradition (using the term "Five-Factor Model of Personality"). Similarities and differences between these traditions are outlined and the basic elements of other models that have appeared in recent studies - such as the Big Six or the Big Two - are introduced in it. The second part of the paper presents selected issues of measurement, discussed in detail in several texts included in the current issue of Annals of Psychology. Special attention is drawn to differences between various questionnaires in the operationalization of the five traits as well as to the growing popularity of short scales for measuring personality traits. The paper also outlines problems involved in the measurement of personality traits and the psychometric instruments used.

Keywords: personality traits, the Big Five, psychological measurement.



Bogdan ZAWADZKI, Jan STRELAU (2014). On the (in)validity of the General Factor of Personality (GFP).  Annals of Psychology, 17(2), 275-290.


Abstract: The paper presents research on the validity of the General Factor of Personality (GFP), extracted on the basis of NEO-FFI scores. Analysis was based on data obtained in four groups consisting, in total, of 1906 participants (878 women and 1028 men aged from 18 to 66 years). Scores on Five-Factor Model (FFM) scales and GFP scores were analyzed against 15 selected criterion variables: the intensity of PTSD symptoms, schizotypal personality symptoms, general self-efficacy, conflict management styles (integrating, dominating, avoiding, compromising, obliging), and behavioral risk factors of somatic diseases (CND and cancer): Type A, Type 1, Type 2, and Type 4 personality as well as depressiveness, hostility, and submissiveness. The results indicated the structural weak-ness of the GFP (low reliability, unacceptable fit of the one-factor model to the structure of NEO-FFI scales) and a high diversity of GFP validity. Comparative analysis of criterion variables for which both FFM and GFP scores had high validity with cases of variables showing high validity of FFM scores and low validity of the GFP allowed to identify the causes of the diversity of GFP validity. It is a result of low intercorrelations among FFM scales, which frequently creates differ-ences between the pattern of intercorrelations of FFM scales and the pattern of their correlations with criterion variables. In the discussion the limited theoretical and empirical meaning of the GFP was underlined, especially when compared to the general g factor, used in research on intelligence, extracted from highly intercorrelated ability tests or even personality scales, which are based on highly correlated lower level subdimensions.

Keywords: General Factor of Personality (GFP), Five-Factor Model of Personality (FFM).



Oleg GORBANIUK, Natalia SZCZEPAŃSKA, Monika SUCHOMSKA, Ana IVANOVA, Milena ZYGNERSKA (2014). Adjective markers of Polish indigenous lexical personality factors: A peer-rating study.  Annals of Psychology, 17(2), 309-326.


Abstract: Studies of other people's personality trait perception have been of marginal significance in the psychology of personality. Such studies usually use tools developed specifically for self-rating research. Similar studies in social psychology are limited to a high level of abstraction. On the basis of earlier Polish peer-rating psycholexical studies, a six-factor structure of dispositional adjectives has been observed, different from the structure obtained in self-rating studies. The pur-pose of the current study was to construct scales enabling the measurement of the adjective mark-ers of Polish lexical personality traits based on the Big Six in a peer-rating study. Another purpose was to examine the psychometric properties of the constructed scales and identify the most impor-tant correlates. The participants were 383 people, with age ranging from 16 to 83 years. The con-structed 48-adjective list allows to measure the axial traits of the Polish lexicon: Agreeableness, Impulsiveness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Resilience, and Intellect. Coefficients of internal consistency and stability reached satisfactory values.

Keywords: peer-rating, psycholexical approach, the Big Six.



Włodzimierz STRUS, Jan CIECIUCH, Tomasz ROWIŃSKI (2014). The Polish adaptation of the IPIP-BFM-50 questionnaire for measuring five personality traits in the lexical approach. Annals of Psychology, 17(2), 347-366.


Abstract: The article presents the Polish adaptation of Goldberg's IPIP-BFM-50 questionnaire for measuring the five personality traits in the lexical tradition (Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Emotional Stability, and Intellect). The adaptation procedure was carried out as a series of eight studies. Analyses were performed on a total of N = 7015 people aged from 10 to 83 (their mean age was 29 years). Reliability was assessed using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Factorial validity was verified in confirmatory factor analysis. In multigroup confirmatory factor analysis, measure-ment invariance between various research situations was verified. External validity was assessed by comparing the scores obtained using the IPIP-BFM-50 with NEO-FFI and NEO-PI-R scores. The results support the conclusion that the IPIP-BFM-50 is a measure with satisfactory psychome-tric properties, fit for use in scientific research.

Keywords: personality, personality traits, the Big Five, International Personality Item Pool.



Ewa TOPOLEWSKA, Ewa SKIMINA, Włodzimierz STRUS, Jan CIECIUCH, Tomasz ROWIŃSKI (2014). The short IPIP-BFM-20 questionnaire for measuring the Big Five.  Annals of Psychology, 17(2), 385-402.


Abstract: The most frequently used measures of personality consist of a large number of items. However, it is their short versions that have enjoyed popularity in recent years. This article is a presentation of the short form of Goldberg's questionnaire for measuring the Big Five personality traits. The ques-tionnaire measures five traits (Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Emotional Stabili­ty, Intellect), and consists of 20 items. It is a shortened version of the 50-item Big Five Markers questionnaire from the resources of the International Personality Item Pool, whose Polish version was prepared by Strus, Cieciuch, and Rowiński (2014b). In constructing the short version, we followed the procedure developed by Donnellan and colleagues (2006), aimed at maximizing the internal consistency and independence of scales. The research was carried out on a group of N = 903 people aged between 16 and 83 years. The validity (verified in confirmatory factor analy­sis and in the analysis of correlations between the questionnaire's scales and other measures of the five personality traits) and reliability (measured by Cronbach's alpha coefficient) are satisfactory and make the questionnaire fit for use in scientific research.

Keywords: the Big Five, short version of the questionnaire, personality, personality traits, Interna­tional Personality Item Pool.



Mariola ŁAGUNA, Wacław BĄK, Ewelina PURC, Emilia MIELNICZUK, Piotr OLEŚ (2014). Short measure of personality TIPI-P in a Polish sample. Annals of Psychology, 17(2), 421-438.



The paper presents the Polish adaptation of the Ten-Item Personality Inventory (TIPI-P), which is designed to measure five dimensions of personality as described in the Big Five model. The items were translated into Polish from the original English version. The equivalence of the two versions was confirmed in a study conducted on a sample of bilingual students. A series of four independent studies (on a total sample of over 500 students) were conducted to verify the psychometric proper-ties of the Polish version of TIPI. They proved acceptable test-retest reliability of TIPI-P after two weeks. As in the original version of the inventory, the internal consistency coefficients are relative-ly low. Correlations between TIPI-P and NEO-FFI as well as between self-rating and peer-rating confirm the convergent and discriminant validity of TIPI-P scales. The results of the studies sug-gest that the Polish adaptation can be used in scientific research conducted on student samples.

Keywords: personality traits, the Big Five, psychological measurement, TIPI.



Krzysztof FRONCZYK (2014). The identification of random or careless responding in questionnaires as exemplified by the NEO-FFI. Annals of Psychology, 17(2), 457-473.



The article presents two little-known indices of random or careless responding: Cattell's sabotage index and fixed individualized chance (FIC) score. Both indices are used to identify people who provide content-irrelevant answers, such as random ones, in multidimensional questionnaires. The aim of the study was to verify empirically the diagnostic applications of these indices in distin-guishing the actual NEO-FFI scores from random data generated by a computer. The study in-volved 943 participants and 1000 randomly generated protocols. Based on both indices in combi-nation and using logistic regression, it proved possible to distinguish the actual data from the ran­dom data fairly well. Approximately 86% of all data was classified correctly. This result is quite high, given that some participants might have responded to the NEO-FFI items in a random way.

Keywords: random responding, careless responding, Cattell's sabotage index, FIC index, NEO-FFI.


Autor: Karol Juros
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 09.02.2015, godz. 21:32 - Karol Juros