Antonina GUTOWSKA (2006). Specyfika rodzicielstwa adopcyjnego w świetle teorii Davida H. Kirka // The specificity of the adoptive parenthood in the light of David H. Kirk’s theory. Roczniki Psychologiczne // Annals of Psychology, 9, 2, 7-27.

Summary: The article concerns differences in functioning between adoptive and natural families as presented by a Canadian sociologist David H. Kirk. According to Kirk, there are two different coping patterns with difficulties related to self-identification as an adoptive parent: acknowledgmenet of difference between adoptive and natural parenthood or rejection of such difference. The families in which adoptive parents use the first strategy have better between-member communication and, as a result, they are much more satisfied with adoption than the families using the second strategy. In the second part of the article research inspired by Kirk’s theory is presented, especially that of D. Brodzinsky, as well as K. Kaye, and D. Grotevant.

Key words: David H. Kirk, D. Brodzinsky, adoption, adoptive parenthood, acknowledgment-of-difference coping pattern, rejection-of-difference coping pattern.


Anna M. ZALEWSKA (2006). Związki pomiędzy potrzebą aprobaty społecznej a zadowoleniem z pracy w badaniach anonimowych // Relationship between the need for social approval and job attitude in anonymous research. Roczniki Psychologiczne // Annals of Psychology, 9, 2, 29-44.

Summary: The need for social approval means a tendency to present oneself in a favourable light in order to obtain social approval. In anonymous research the need for social approval mirrors mainly conformity, which in Polish respondents can activate a tendency to complain. The aim of the study was to address the following questions: 1. Are dimensions of job attitude related to the need for social approval as investigated in anonymous research? 2. Do these relationships depend on a period of life, gender, type of employing institution (private, army, state) and a status in the employing institution (low or high)? Three-hundred-sixteen employees (109 women), aged 19-60, were investigated. Both affective (well-being at workplace) and cognitive (job satisfaction) aspects of job attitude were measured and Lie subscale in the Polish version of Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Revised served as an index of the need for social approval. Results showed that in the whole sample only the measure of negative affect at work is loaded with social approval and only to a very low degree. In subgroups of the sample, the associations of the need for social approval were stronger with affective aspects than with cognitive aspects (job satisfaction). Period of life, type of employing institution, status in the employing institution and gender were moderators of these relationships. The need for social approval activated the tendency to complain only among: subjects in middle age, subjects with a high status in their employing institutions, soldiers and women – the higher level of the need for social approval, the lower their emotional well-being at workplace or lower satisfaction with some facets of job. Among subjects in early adulthood, persons with low status in the employing institutions and workers of employed in private enterprises it activates a weak opposite tendency.

Key words: social desirability, job attitude,well-being at workplace, job satisfaction.


Monika GRZESIAK-FELDMAN (2006). Tożsamościowe przesłanki różnych rodzajów stereotypizacji // The identity premises of stereotypisation. Roczniki Psychologiczne // Annals of Psychology, 9, 2, 45-60.

Summary: The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship between identity and readiness for classical and conspiracy stereotyping. The conspiracy stereotypes are holistic representations of the entire out-groups, whereas the classical stereotypes are mainly trait-theories of a typical out-grouper. The obtained results suggest that the strongest propensity for both kinds of stereotyping is typically related to social identity whereas the lowest to individual identity. It was also observed that the individuals with the well-balanced identity (when the personal and the social identity is well developed) have the cognitive tools characteristic for both personal and social identity. It can be assumed that social identity plays an important role in conspiracy stereotyping, as subjects with well-balanced identity were more prone for this kind of stereotyping, which is extensively discussed in the paper.

Key words: classical (trait-laden) stereotype, conspiracy stereotype, schemata distinctiveness, personal identity, social identity, balanced identity, the lack of identity.


Anna Maria ZAWADZKA (2006). Wartości osobiste tłumaczące orientację materialistyczną jednostki // Human values accounting for materialistic orientation. Roczniki Psychologiczne // Annals of Psychology, 9, 2, 61-80.

Summary: The aim of research was to investigate relationships between human values and materialistic orientation. Two-hundred-fifty-two subjects were surveyed: 109 males and 143 females, aged 24 to 46, with secondary education and university degree. The followingmethods were used: Materialistic Orientation Scale inspired by Richins and Dawson’s theory, and Rokeach Value Survey. Multiple linear regression analysis was applied. It was found out that human values were linked with materialistic orientation and explained 29% of its variance. Materialistic orientation correlated positively with comfortable life and negatively with wisdom, inner harmony and loving. Multiple regression analysis showed that human values explained 34% of variance in materialistic orientation in the group of females and 21% in the group of males. Moreover, materialistic orientation is linked with wisdom and inner harmony of women, whereas it was not linked with the above values in males. Multiple regression analysis showed that human values explained 31% of variance in materialistic orientation in subjects aged 24 to 35, and 34% in subjects aged 36 to 46. Materialistic orientation was positively linked with such values as ‘peace in the world’, ‘happiness’ and ‘broad-mindedness in subjects aged 24 to 35, whereas it was positively linked with an ‘exciting life’ and ‘ambition’ in subjects aged 36 to 46. Other instrumental values were found to be linked with materialistic orientation both in females and males, and in age groups 24 to 35 and 36 to 46.

Key words: human values, materialistic orientation.


Beata MIRUCKA (2006). Przeżywanie własnego ciała przez kobiety z bulimią psychiczną // Body self-perception in women with bulimia nervosa. Roczniki Psychologiczne // Annals of Psychology, 9, 2, 81-99.

Summary: The aims of this article was to address the following questions: How do women with bulimia nervosa experience their own body? Which aspects of their bodily self are the basis of their identity and constitute essential elements of self structure? The study was conducted on 36 bulimic women, aged from 15 to 25, diagnosed according to DSM IV criteria for bulimia nervosa. The subjects were examined with the Body Self Questionnaire which consists of four scales (dimensions of the Body Self): acceptance of one’s body, disclosure of femininity, experience of intimate relations with persons of the opposite sex, and relationship towards eating and body weight. The conclusion from the study is: The body self of bulimic women is differentially disordered into three levels: profound, moderate and minimal.

Key words: bodily self, bulimia nervosa.


Mariola ŁAGUNA (2006). Skala skuteczności przedsiębiorczej SSP // Development and psychometric properties of the Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy Scale. Roczniki Psychologiczne // Annals of Psychology, 9, 2, 103-123.

Summary: Self-efficacy beliefs can distinctively refer to different spheres of functioning and to different tasks, including entrepreneurial activity. The paper presents development of Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy Scale (ESES) designed to measure perceived self-efficacy in carrying out tasks aimed at a new venture creation. Psychometric properties of the scale were evaluated on the basis of the data obtained from 315 potential entrepreneurs in a 1-year longitudinal study. Factor analysis of the ESES scores yielded three distinct narrower domains of entrepreneurial self-efficacy pertaining to: (1) gathering marketing information, (2) managing financial and legal matters, and (3) setting up business operations. The scale was shown to have high internal consistency with Cronbach’s alpha = 0.96. The ESES scores were also found to correlate positively with previous entrepreneurial experience and other personality measures, such as General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), Self-Esteem Scale (SES), Life Orientation Test (LOT-R) and Adult Dispositional Hope Scale (ADHS). People with an intention to create a new venture scored significantly higher on ESES than those without such an intention, and the level of entrepreneurial intention correlated positively with the ESES scores. All findings of the study suggest that ESES is a reliable and valid measure of entrepreneurial self-efficacy.

Key words: Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy Scale, self-efficacy, entrepreneurship, personality assessment.


Autor: Stanisław Sarek
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 01.12.2012, godz. 12:42 - Mariola Łaguna