Elżbieta Januszewska
Instytut Psychologii, Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski


Summary. The shy children are afraid of a negative opinion which others may have of them and of negative self-assessment, which hampers their activity. Their teachers usually regard them as slow, quiet, silent, avoiding din and activity, often falling be-hind with the lesson. The paper seeks to show the issue of shyness in young children schoolchildren, their specific personality traits and the ways they live through their fears.
The study embraced a group of 60 shy children and 60 bold children. The mean age of the children under study is 9.6 years. R. D. Porter and R. B. Cattell's CPQ Personali-ty Questionnaire was used (What do you like doing? and What do you like to think about?). To study the degree of anxiety as well as its components we used F. Thurner and U. Tewes's Test of Child's Fear.
An analysis of the findings shows that children's shyness is interpreted by the structure of specific personality traits, such as: concentration on inner conflicts, accumu-lation of tension, the result of recurring frustration, and self-accusation.
Shy children say that they are afraid of the episodes connected with school life, especially with failures in their studies. They fear assessment and criticism from their most proximate milieu for their lack of ability and failure to satisfy the requirements which school imposes on them. They are afraid of the punishment they receive in school for their lack of knowledge. In the situations which demand particular concentration they feel nervous
Autor: Ewelina Soszyńska
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 15.05.2007, godz. 18:55 - Ewelina Soszyńska