Authors: K. Jeżyna.

Title: THE SACRAMENTAL CHARACTER OF MORAL LIFE (Sakramentalny charakter życia moralnego)

Source: Roczniki Teologii Moralnej (Annals of Moral Theology)

year: 2010, vol: 2(57), number: 3, pages: 5-14

Keywords: SACRAMENTS, PERSONAL, ECCLESIAL, SOCIAL DIMENSIONS OF SACRAMENTS.

Discipline: THEOLOGY

Language: POLISH

Document type: ARTICLE

Publication order reference (First author’s office address): Krzysztof Jeżyna, Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II, Wydział Teologii, Al. Racławickie 14, C-852, Poland.

E-mail: krzycho@kul.pl

Abstract  The post-Council reflection on understanding sacraments and their significance for moral Christian life should show their personalistic and salutary, ecclesial and social dimension. Holy sacraments have the character of a personal encounter with Christ, and through Him - with the Father and the Holy Spirit. God turns to the man with His gift of salvation and makes him able to accept the gift and give an answer. Accepting sacramental gifts requires understanding the moral imperative in them, which makes a Christian's moral life acquire the style of sacra­mental life. The Church that is a sacrament, owing to the presence of Christ-Sacrament in it, is the natural environment for the growth and development of moral life. A new emphasis in the post-Council revival is that Christians, as members of the Church-sacrament, should beco­me a „sacrament" of Christ's presence and His salutary mystery in the world.

 

 

 

 

Authors: A. Derdziuk

Title: THE ESCHATOLOGICAL DIMENSION OF MORAL THEOLOGY (Eschatologiczny wymiar teologii moralnej)

Source: Roczniki Teologii Moralnej (Annals of Moral Theology)

year: 2010, vol: 2(57), number: 3, pages: 15-26

Keywords: MORALTHEOLOGY, ESCHATOLOGY, RESPONSIBILITY, SALVATION.

Discipline: THEOLOGY

Language: POLISH

Document type: ARTICLE

Publication order reference (First author’s office address): Andrzej Derdziuk, Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II, Wydział Teologii, Al. Racławickie 14, C-851, Poland.

E-mail: aderdziu@kul.pl   

Abstract 

A man living his worldly life is also submerged in eternity, the premonition of which makes him look for various forms of prolonging his earthly existence. People erect monuments and commemorate their names in works they produce in order to lean towards the future. A correct system of ethics evaluating a man's behavior has to take into consideration the ultimate horizon of human life. For Christians the way to eternity is opened by the truth about the resurrection of Christ, who showed the perspective of the future glory. The aspiration to reach a full salvation in Christ motivates His followers to make the effort to grow in love.

Moral theology, undertaking the task of indicating the shape of a man's life in the aspect of good and evil, has to take into consideration its eschatological dimension, for only then is it able to define the mystery of man in an integral way, considering both his worldly and eternal dimension. The correct anthropology should have a theological character, for it is only then that it accepts the spiritual dimension of human existence and it points to man's responsibility to God. Discovering man's aspirations to achieve the ultimate aim in the form of eternal happiness with God, a moral theologian should take into consideration the peculiar tension of a man whose life is based on the hope of eternal happiness, which - being the fruit of grace - should be accepted with a readiness to cooperate with it by performing good acts. This intensifies responsibility, as at the end a man will be judged by evaluating his love.

 

 

 

 

Authors: T. Zadykowicz

Title: PRIESTHOOD – AGIFT AND A MYSTERY (Kapłaństwo – dar i tajemnica)

Source: Roczniki Teologii Moralnej (Annals of Moral Theology)

year: 2010, vol: 2(57), number: 3, pages: 27-45

Keywords: PRIESTHOOD, MORAL SACRAMENTOLOGY

Discipline: THEOLOGY

Language: POLISH

Document type: ARTICLE

Publication order reference (First author’s office address): Tadeusz Zadykowicz, Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II, Wydział Teologii, Al. Racławickie 14, C-852, Poland.

E-mail: tadeuszz@kul.pl    

Abstract 

The Year for Priests concluded on 11 June 2010 was a special opportunity for the Church to reflect on priesthood in the changing situation. Contemporary attempts made by priests to give priority to ago over esse (acting over being) urgently require thinking over the essence of priesthood again with respect to that esse; and in this task defining it as a gift and mystery may be helpful. Such a definition of priesthood is not a new thing, but also today it may be considered a topical key for understanding its essence. The Holy Scriptures and the Tradition of the Church emphasize that the gift of God is the source of priesthood and its nature. The gift is presented to the very person who is ordained, but also to the Church, or even to the whole mankind. The statement saying that priesthood is a gift also leads to recognizing a mystery in it. It is the mystery of God's love why He summons only some people, and not others; why He grants his grace only to some people. The gift of priesthood is a mystery also in the sense that it makes one able to celebrate God's mysteries. The particular connection between the ordained person and Christ is a mystery, which is expressed in the statement that a priest acts in persona Christi. If priesthood is God's gift and at the same time a mystery of God's choice, one may not demand it as if it were his due right. Nobody possesses the right to receive the sacrament of Holy Orders. It is God's gift that is the foundation of priest's service and of this exceptional dignity of the one who accepts the gift. At the same time the gift gives rise to obligations on the part of the one who is presented with this dignity, but also on the part of all those to whom the service is directed. It requires agreement and cooperation from the one who receives the gift. The duties of the community are reduced to accepting the gift with gratitude. Talking about priesthood as of a gift and a mystery is ultimately a defense of the primacy of grace in the priestly vocation. It also agrees with the whole vision of moral life based on a gift and demanding a free answer from a man.

 

 

 

Authors: J. Spindelböck

Title: THE CATHOLIC CHURCH AND THE SANCTITY OF HUMAN LIFE (Kościół katolicki a świętość życia ludzkiego)

Source: Roczniki Teologii Moralnej (Annals of Moral Theology)

year: 2010, vol: 2(57), number: 3, pages: 47-65

Keywords: CATHOLIC CHURCH, SANCTITY OF HUMAN LIFE

Discipline: THEOLOGY

Language: ENGLISH

Document type: ARTICLE

Publication order reference (First author’s office address): Josef Spindelböck, profesor Philosophisch-Theologische Hochschule, St. Pölten, Austria.

E-mail: www.spindelboeck.net  

Abstract 

It was the intention of these considerations to show the fundamental ap­proach of the Catholic Church in favour of the dignity and protection of human life. We could and should of course also highlight some special fields of it: e.g. the protection of human life at the beginning or at its natural end, the problems of war and piece, the threat of terrorism. Or look at the ques­tions of medical ethics and bioethics in the context of new insights and techniques such as in the fields of organ transplants, artificial insemination (FIVET/IVF), cloning, genetic therapy and manipulation etc.

The Magisterium of the Catholic Church has repeatedly answered to va­rious questions and problems and will certainly go on to do so in the future. We can see that in these statements the principle of the sanctity of human life is defended in a very consequent way. An innocent human person's right of life cannot be weighed or calculated against other goods as this is done in an ethics of utilitarianism and consequentialism.

It's both a requirement for the future of humanity on this earth and a requirement of the Kingdom of God to come that Christians of different denominations encourage and give strength to each other in all good things, and that they work together - as far as common values are concerned - even with non-Christians and non-believers. May the good will and the various human efforts bring fruit through God's grace!

 

 

 

 

Authors: J. Wróbel

Title: BIOETHICAL ISSUES WITHIN PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY (problematyka bioetyczna w obrębie psychologii i psychiatrii)

Source: Roczniki Teologii Moralnej (Annals of Moral Theology)

year: 2010, vol: 2(57), number: 3, pages: 67-90

Keywords: ETHICS, BIOETHICS, PSYCHOLOGY, PSYCHIATRY, PSYCHOTHERAPY, PSYCHOSURGERY

Discipline: THEOLOGY

Language: POLISH

Document type: ARTICLE

Publication order reference (First author’s office address): Jóżef Wróbel, Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II, Wydział Teologii, Al. Racławickie 14, C-851, Poland.

E-mail: jwrobel@kul.pl    

Abstract 

The issue of psychophysical health, mental diseases, their etiology and forms of therapy gives rise to many legal, ethical and deontological problems. A lot of cases of mental distur­bances analyzed from the therapeutic perspective not only assume referring to deontological and legal reflection, but demand bioethical analysis as well. This especially concerns the use of therapies based on contemporary biotechniques, biotechnologies and neurophysiology that attempt to reach not only the sphere of symptoms, but also the sphere of causes of mental disturbances and diseases. Attempts to make the expectations for psychology and psychiatry objective have been verbalized in numerous deontological, ethical and legal documents. The ethical perspective presents as the main aim rescuing the patient's mental health as the ability to be a free and conscious subject of his acts. The choice of methods and therapeutic techni­ques should have the integral good of the person as its aim, with simultaneously minimizing unfavorable side effects. Hence one has to be cautious about such treatments as electroconvulsive therapy or psycho-surgical interference. It is unethical to use mentally ill persons in non-therapeutic medical experiments and as organ donors in transplant operations.

 

 

Authors: RENÉ BALÁK

Title:  CERTAIN ASPECTS OF A CHRISTIAN’S MISSION IN THE FIELD OF CULTURE IN THE THIRD MILLENNIUM (Wybrane aspekty posłannictwa chrześcijan w dziedzinie kultury w trzecim tysiącleciu)

Source: Roczniki Teologii Moralnej (Annals of Moral Theology)

year: 2010, vol: 2(57), number: 3, pages: 91-108

Keywords: posłannictwo chrześcijan, aktywność społeczna, kultura, komunikacja między­osobowa

Discipline: THEOLOGY

Language: SLOVAKISH

Document type: ARTICLE

Publication order reference (First author’s office address): RENÉ BALÁK, Univerzita sv. Cyrila a Metoda v Trnave, Katedra filozofie, Centrum pre bioetiku; Nàm. J. Herdu, Trnava, Slovensko.

E-mail: abbe@teologiamoralis.info

Abstract 

            New forms of culture, and coming from them new ways of reasoning and moral dealing, ask about new ways of refining and disseminating culture. Christian mission in the field of culture in the third millennium is qualified by responsible understanding signs of times. In signa temporis we are able to see moral call, addressed to Christians. They must concentrate their involvement on the human person, who is the center and the way of culture in the context of integral formation and development. The presence of God in this field will make it possible to combine a moral foundation with Christian character. On this foundation it will be possible to build European culture as both unifying & various.

            Interpersonal communication in the field of culture should lead to real and useful dialog between different groups and nations, as well as individuals in the context of the real target of formation – to be good man. Christians in their moral mission should understand culture as an integral part of enttrely, which is human life in its individual and social dimension.

 

 

 

Authors: A. Bartoszek

Title: DEFENCE OF CONSCIENCE CLAUSE IN THE CONTEXT OF CONTEMPORARY TENDENCIES AGAINST LIFE (obrona klauzuli sumienia w konteśćie współczesnych tendencji przeciwnych życiu)

Source: Roczniki Teologii Moralnej (Annals of Moral Theology)

year: 2010, vol: 2(57), number: 3, pages: 109-126

Keywords: CONSCIENCE CLAUSE, CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTION, NATURAL RIGHT, PARTICIPATION IN EVIL

Discipline: THEOLOGY

Language: POLISH

Document type: ARTICLE

Publication order reference (First author’s office address): Antoni Bartoszek, Uniwersytet Śląski, Wydział Teologiczny, Zakład Nauk o Rodzinie, ul. Jordana 18, 40-043 Katowice, Poland.

E-mail:   antbar@poczta.onet.pl   

Abstract 

Conscience clause is a special legal regulation that enables the individual to refrain from certain actions, that he is obliged by the law, but which in his conviction, are contrary to his conscience. On one hand, this article shows that clause of conscience in contemporary legisla­tion seems to be something natural because it gives the individual freedom of conscience, but on the other hand - some trends appear to legally narrow it or even to cancel the conscience clause. These trends appear in the context of contemporary tendencies against life.

Presented analyses defend the conscience clause again and refer basically to medical pro­fessions. The base for this legal regulation constitutes the right to conscientious objection whereas this objection should always be constructive. Existence of the right to conscientious objection is confirmed by the analyses carried out on philosophical - ethical and theological -moral levels, and especially by the concept of natural right. The article also depicts that deep conviction of right to conscientious objection does mean that moral dilemmas concerning refusal to participation in evil do not exist. In some cases conscientious objection becomes contemporary form of martyrdom.

 

 

 

Authors: W. Rzepa

Title: THE CHRISTIAN VISION OF THE IDEA OF PROGRESS IN THE CONTEXT OF EUGENIC . PROPOSITIONS AN OUTLINE OF THE ISSUE (chrześcijańska wizja idei postępu w kontekście propozycji eugenicznych. zarysowanie problematyki)

Source: Roczniki Teologii Moralnej (Annals of Moral Theology)

year: 2010, vol: 2(57), number: 3, pages: 127-138

Keywords: PROGRESS, DEVELOPMENT, EUGENICS, FREEDOM, MATERIALISM

Discipline: THEOLOGY

Language: POLISH

Document type: ARTICLE

Publication order reference (First author’s office address): Wojciech Rzepa, Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II, Wydział Teologii, Al. Racławickie 14, C-852, Poland.

E-mail: rzepa@kul.pl     

Abstract 

According to Pope Benedict XVI the essential concept that allows defining the contempora­ry world is the idea of progress. It gains a special significance in the context of the great development of technological possibilities of contemporary medicine. This gives rise to a temptation to improve, or even to technologically perfect the human nature, that is present under the auspices of eugenic behaviors. The teaching of the Church remarks that all genuine progress in this area should be supported, on condition that science will always respect human rights and dignity from the moment of the man's conception. Nobody may claim the right to destroy human life or manipulate it with impunity.

 

 

 

Authors: A. Zadroga

Title: AMAN'SMORALATTITUDETOWARDSTHERICHES IN THE IGHT OF THE BIBLE (Moralna postawa człowieka wobec bogactw w świetle biblii)

Source: Roczniki Teologii Moralnej (Annals of Moral Theology)

year: 2010, vol: 2(57), number: 3, pages: 139-151

Keywords: RICHES, MATERIAL GOODS, BIBLE, ETHICS, MORAL ATTITUDE

Discipline: THEOLOGY

Language: POLISH

Document type: ARTICLE

Publication order reference (First author’s office address): Adam Zadroga, Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II, Wydział Teologii, Al. Racławickie 14, C-851, Poland.

E-mail: adam.zadroga@kul.pl      

Abstract 

The subject of the analyses presented in the article is the problem of how Biblical texts answer the question about a man's attitude towards winning, accumulating and using riches. Starting from (1) the Old Testament vision, through (2) the meaning of Christ's utterances that are contained in the Gospel, and ending with the message in the Acts and the Epistles, the author presents the biblical assumptions of moral attitudes towards material goods. The discus­sion is concluded with (3) an attempt to indicate ethical implications resulting from the Holy Scriptures' attitude towards worldly goods.

 

 

 

Authors: J. Gocko

Title: METHODOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS OF ECCLESIOLOGICAL MODELS IN SOCIAL MORAL THEOLOGY (metodologiczne implikacje modeli eklezjologicznych w teologii moralnej społecznej)

Source: Roczniki Teologii Moralnej (Annals of Moral Theology)

year: 2010, vol: 2(57), number: 3, pages: 153-166

Keywords: CHURCH, ECCLESIOLOGICAL MODELS, CHURCH'S MISSION IN THE WORLD

Discipline: THEOLOGY

Language: POLISH

Document type: ARTICLE

Publication order reference (First author’s office address): Jerzy Gocko, Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II, Wydział Teologii, Al. Racławickie 14, C-854, Poland.

E-mail: Jerzy@Gocko.pl       

Abstract 

The article presents a characteristic of defined ecclesiological models and it subjects to analysis their possible influence on some methodological questions in social moral theology, especially on the issue of the relation between the Church and the world. The dynamic changes within the Catholic ecclesiology during the recent century have resulted, inter alia, in working out several models of the relation between the Church and the world, sometimes ones exclu­ding each other. The most important ones include models conventionally defined as theories of incarnationism (indirect participation), polarization (correlation), secularization (exclusivism), integral participation, critical participation, inglobalization (global absorption) and some trends of eschatologism. Analysis of the most important aspects of these theories or trends allows a better comprehension of the great vitality and significance of the problem of relation to the world in the life of the whole Church, having also controversial elements and ones that may give rise to misunderstandings.

 

Autor: Ewa Zięba
Ostatnia aktualizacja: 01.12.2013, godz. 17:33 - Marian Pokrywka